Phrasal Verb Activator 3
Britlish English Activation Pack
As soon as many students see phrasal verbs, they shut down their studies, but this is a huge mistake for anyone who wants to become proficient in English.
The reason for this is simple: phrasal verbs turn up with alarming regularity when native English speakers speak.
If you can’t, won’t, or don’t use them, it will hold up your progress and prevent you from ever having a good level of English.
So, let’s stop monkeying around and let’s get on with learning this important part of English.
What are Phrasal Verbs?
Phrasal verbs are no different to any other piece of English vocabulary that you need to learn to develop your English skills.
Phrasal verbs have a main verb followed by a particle.
The particle is typically an adverb or a preposition.
In three-part phrasal verbs we can have two particles.
In this Phrasal Verb Activation Pack, you will come by some important information.
Phrasal Verb Problems
The problem with phrasal verbs is that their meanings cannot always be guessed from the words themselves.
Not only this, but many phrasal verbs also have more than one meaning.
With some phrasal verbs we can separate the verb from the particle, with others we cannot.
Some phrasal verbs need an object, and some do not need an object, while others can both need an object or not need an object, depending on the meaning.
You need to shut down any aversion to phrasal verbs and start mastering them today.
Phrasal Verb Advantages
The reason we use phrasal verbs so much is that they say much more than the words alone.
Take the phrasal verb, run up, for instance.
I can say, “He ran up a lot of debt.”
If I did not use a phrasal verb, I would have to say something like, “He unwisely spent a lot of money which he did not have and found himself in financial difficulties through owing more money than he could pay back to his creditors.”
Phrasal Verb Activation Packs
To help you learn, remember, and use over 2000 of the most common and useful phrasal verbs, I did not just come by these idioms. I have been interested in them during my many years of teaching, which has brought you this series of Phrasal Verb Activation Packs.
For each pack, I have randomly selected 10 phrasal verbs from my list, in order to explore how, when, and why they are used.
Though most phrasal verbs have more than one meaning, I concentrate on only one meaning of the phrasal verbs in this Phrasal Verb Activation Pack.
Other meanings will be dealt with in future Phrasal Verb Activation Packs.
After you have studied the phrasal verbs, you will have the chance to activate the 10 phrasal verbs by using them in a series of exercises.
Today’s Phrasal Verbs
- Cancel out
- Check in
- Come by
- Go off
- Hold up
- Knock about/around
- Monkey around/about
- Run up
- Shut down
- Turn up
Counteract the effect of something by being equal in importance or force but with an opposite effect.
- Inflation cancelled out the workers’ pay rise.
- Even exercise and proper diet can’t cancel out the problems caused by sitting too much.
- Some headphones can cancel out regular street noise.
- You risk a rate increase that could more than cancel out your gains.
Cancel out can be separated, but normally only when we use a pronoun.
Cancel out does need an object as we need to cancel something out.
Register on arrival at a hotel, an airport, or ferry terminal.
- What time do we need to check in?
- Check in time is 3pm and check out time 10am.
- Check your bags in at least 30 minutes before departure.
- You will also need to allow extra time for check in due to the additional security.
Check can be separated from the particle in.
Check in does not need an object, as you can just check in.
Get something, especially by chance or in an unexplained or unexpected way.
- Before these Activation Packs, good English learning material was hard to come by.
- I’d like to know how she came by such an expensive car on her salary.
- Sleep is hard to come by in the first few weeks after the arrival of a new baby.
- It’s hard to come by original parts for such an old car.
Come by cannot be separated, even with a pronoun.
Come by does need an object, as we must come by something.
- The terrorists phoned through a warning minutes before the bomb went off.
- Try not to disturb the bomb with the digger or it could go off.
- While climbing the fence, his shotgun accidentally went off, but nobody was hurt.
- Be careful handling the explosives as we don’t want them to go off.
Go off cannot be separated, even by a pronoun.
Go off does not need an object as explosives can just go off.
A delay during travel or a delay to the progress of something.
- We missed the plane because we were held up by an accident on the way to the airport.
- What’s holding up the arrival of the ambulance?
- If the boxes are held up, and we can’t pack the product, the whole assembly line will grind to a halt.
- It was one of those journeys when every set of traffic lights I came to held me up.
Hold up can be separated, but normally only when we use a pronoun.
Hold up does need an object, as we have to hold something or somebody up.
Relax while doing very little.
- I’m going to spend the weekend knocking about the garden.
- I like to spend my holidays knocking around the bars near the beach.
- She said she would just knock about at home this weekend.
- You can knock around the house if you want, but I’m going out.
Knock around cannot be separated, even with a pronoun.
Knock around does not have to have an object, as we can simply knock around.
Behave in a foolish, silly, or annoying way, or simply waste time on something.
- Children will generally monkey around when they are bored.
- I remember climbing trees as a boy, monkeying around from branch to branch.
- Enough monkeying about! Let’s get down to business.
- I spent the whole morning monkeying around with the computer, but it still doesn’t work.
Monkey around cannot be separated, even with a pronoun.
Monkey around does not need an object, as you can just monkey around.
Spend a lot of money and create a substantial debt.
- He tried every dish on the menu and ran up a huge bill.
- She loved shopping and often ran up substantial bills that her husband had to pay.
- Many families run up debts during the Christmas period.
- Skype lets me talk to students around the world without having to run up a huge phone bill.
Run up can be separated, though it rarely is. It is rarely used with pronouns, either.
Run up does need an object, as we need to run up something, usually a bill or a debt.
Stop the operation of something temporarily or permanently.
- We’re going to have to shut the machine down while we work on it.
- Once they shut down the machine, the entire factory came to a halt.
- The electrical failure shut down half of the city.
- Heavy snow forced them to shut down the airport for several hours.
Shut down can be separated and must be when a pronoun is used.
Shut down does need an object as we have to shut something down.
Appear suddenly and unexpectedly.
- I’m sure a new job opportunity will turn up soon.
- Things might look hopeless, but things have a habit of turning up when you need them.
- The last thing I wanted was for my ex to turn up at the wedding.
- Just when you needed to learn phrasal verbs this Activation Pack turned up.
Turn up cannot be separated, even when a pronoun is used.
Turn up does not take an object; things just turn up.
Phrasal Verb Activation Pack
Now that we have seen how each of these phrasal verbs can be used, we will practice using them.
Each time you do the Phrasal Verb Activation Pack, you will be given some random questions from a database of questions.
You don’t have to monkey around trying to find out whether you are right or wrong, as I’ll tell you immediately.
Each time you refresh your browser, new questions will turn up.
Some words in this Phrasal Verb Activation Pack will be new to you.
Your studies won’t be held up, though, as I have included a dictionary of all the words used in this Phrasal Verb Activation Pack.
Download the dictionary from the resources link in the top left of the Phrasal Verb Activation Pack.
The Vocabulary Activator will help you find out just how much of the vocabulary in this Phrasal Verb Activation Pack you have added to your active vocabulary.
Each time you do the Vocabulary Activator you will be given some random definitions to put a word to.
Remember that not learning phrasal verbs will cancel out the good work you have done in learning other vocabulary and grammar.
To get a new set of questions, refresh your browser.
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