The / dʒ / Sound in Jam.
Pronunciation Activation Pack – 27
jam / dʒ /
In this Pronunciation Activation Pack we will be looking at the consonant sound / dʒ /.
We will look at the letter combinations that give the / dʒ / sound.
We will look at lots of words which have the / dʒ / sound in them.
Finally, we will activate your ability to hear and produce the / dʒ / sound correctly.
The / dʒ / sound is a voiced postalveolar affricate made by blocking the air flow with the tip of the tongue behind the alveolar ridge with the front of the tongue bunched up towards the palate.
The air is released over the sharp end of the teeth to cause high-frequency turbulence.
The / dʒ / sound on the chart is shown in green, which means that it is voiced.
Letter Combinations for / dʒ /
This voiced postalveolar affricate consonant sound has these letter combinations:
J, G, GE, DG, DGE, DJ,
DI, GG, and DE.
George jammed the large gem into the fridge.
/ dʒɔːdʒ dʒæmd ðə lɑːdʒ dʒem ˈɪn.tə ðə frɪdʒ /
The soldier adjacent to you is a major.
/ ðə ˈsəʊl.dʒər ə.ˈdʒeɪsnt tə ju ɪz ə ˈmeɪ. dʒə /
I suggest an entomologist might judge this midge!
/ ˈaɪ sə.ˈdʒest ən ˌen.tə.ˈmɒ.lə. dʒɪst maɪt dʒʌdʒ ðɪs mɪdʒ /
To my knowledge, there is no grandeur in a pigeon.
/ tə maɪ ˈnɒ.lɪdʒ / ðə z nəʊ ˈɡræn.dʒər ɪn ə ˈpɪ.dʒən /
Problems for Students
The biggest problem posed by the / dʒ / sound is when it is contrasted with the / tʃ / sound and particularly when either sound comes in the final syllable of words.
The only difference between the words in these minimal pairs is that of voicing.
In this Pronunciation Activation Pack we will be looking at a set of minimal pairs which differ only in the sounds / dʒ / or / tʃ /.
Resources and Activators
As with all of my English Activation Packs, this Activation Pack has valuable resources to help you activate the language in this lesson.
Download the resources from the link at the top left.
You will also find the Activators at the end of the Pack.
These will give you plenty of exercises to help you make the language in this lesson part of your active vocabulary.
Interactive British English IPA Chart
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