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Most Common Words Starting With A

I have created a list of over 4,000 of the most common English words to help you expand your vocabulary. Developing your vocabulary is one of the most essential things you can do if you are to really improve your English skills and if you learn these 4,015 British English words, you will be able to understand 90% of normal, everyday conversations in British English, as well as most written media such as newspapers, magazines, and Internet articles. There are several ways to learn these words in the Britlish Library and you will find them in this course. Use the alphabetical buttons below to see a complete list of the most common English words beginning with that letter. There are words beginning with the letter A.

Here are the most common Engish words starting with the letter A.

Highlight words to make them easier to find in a long text or to help with reading comprehension.

abandon noun: the trait of lacking restraint or control; reckless freedom from inhibition or worry; a feeling of extreme emotional intensity; verb: stop maintaining or insisting on; of ideas or claims; leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch; give up with the intent of never claiming again; forsake, leave behind; leave behind empty; move out of
abandoned adjective: forsaken by owner or keeper; free from constraint
ability noun: the quality of being able to perform; a quality that permits or facilitates achievement or accomplishment; possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done
able adjective: (usually followed by 'to') having the necessary means or skill or know-how or authority to do something; having inherent physical or mental ability or capacity; have the skills and qualifications to do things well; having a strong healthy body
abortion noun: termination of pregnancy; failure of a plan
about adjective: on the move; adverb: in the area or vicinity; all around or on all sides; in or to a reversed position or direction; to or among many different places or in no particular direction; (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished; in rotation or succession; (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct
above adjective: appearing earlier in the same text; adverb: at an earlier place; in or to a place that is higher; noun: an earlier section of a written text
abroad adjective: in a foreign country; adverb: to or in a foreign country; in a place across an ocean; far away from home or one's usual surroundings
absence noun: failure to be present; the state of being absent; the time interval during which something or somebody is away; epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal attacks of brief clouding of consciousness (a possible other abnormalities)
absent adjective: lost in thought; showing preoccupation; not in a specified place physically or mentally; verb: go away or leave
absolute adjective: perfect or complete or pure; not capable of being violated or infringed; complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers; without conditions or limitations; not limited by law; expressing finality with no implication of possible change; noun: something that is conceived to be absolute; something that does not depends on anything else and is beyond human control
absolutely adverb: totally and definitely; without question; completely and without qualification; used informally as intensifiers
absorb verb: cause to become one with; engage or engross wholly; take up mentally; assimilate or take in; take in, also metaphorically; become imbued; take up, as of debts or payments; suck or take up or in; engross (oneself) fully
abuse noun: a rude expression intended to offend or hurt; cruel or inhumane treatment; improper or excessive use; verb: use wrongly or improperly or excessively; use foul or abusive language towards; change the inherent purpose or function of something; treat badly
academic adjective: hypothetical or theoretical and not expected to produce an immediate or practical result; marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning especially its trivial aspects; associated with academia or an academy; noun: an educator who works at a college or university
accent noun: a diacritical mark used to indicate stress or placed above a vowel to indicate a special pronunciation; distinctive manner of oral expression; the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch); the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people; special importance or significance; verb: put stress on; utter with an accent; to stress, single out as important
accept verb: tolerate or accommodate oneself to; consider or hold as true; be sexually responsive to, used of a female domesticated mammal; react favourably to; consider right and proper; give an affirmative reply to; respond favourably to; receive (a report) officially, as from a committee; receive willingly something given or offered; admit into a group or community; be designed to hold or take; make use of or accept for some purpose; take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person
acceptable adjective: worthy of acceptance or satisfactory; adequate for the purpose; judged to be in conformity with approved usage; meeting requirements
access noun: the act of approaching or entering; a way of entering or leaving; (computer science) the operation of reading or writing stored information; the right to obtain or make use of or take advantage of something (as services or membership); a code (a series of characters or digits) that must be entered in some way (typed or dialled or spoken) to get the use of something (a telephone line or a computer or a local area network etc.); the right to enter; verb: reach or gain access to; obtain or retrieve from a storage device; as of information on a computer
accident noun: anything that happens by chance without an apparent cause; a mishap; especially one causing injury or death
accidental adjective: without intention (especially resulting from heedless action); associated by chance and not an integral part; occurring or appearing or singled out by chance; noun: a musical notation that makes a note sharp or flat or natural although that is not part of the key signature
accidentally adverb: without advance planning; without intention; in an unintentional manner; in an incidental manner
accommodation noun: (physiology) the automatic adjustment in focal length of the lens of the eye; the act of providing something (lodging or seat or food) to meet a need; living quarters provided for public convenience; in the theories of Jean Piaget: the modification of internal representations in order to accommodate a changing knowledge of reality; a settlement of differences; making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances
accompany verb: go or travel along with; perform an accompaniment to; be associated with; be a companion to somebody
accomplish verb: put in effect; to gain with effort
according adjective: (followed by 'to') as reported or stated by; (followed by 'to') in agreement with or accordant with
account noun: the quality of taking advantage; importance or value; a statement of recent transactions and the resulting balance; a formal contractual relationship established to provide for regular banking or brokerage or business services; a record or narrative description of past events; an itemized statement of money owed for goods shipped or services rendered; a short account of the news; a statement that makes something comprehensible by describing the relevant structure or operation or circumstances etc.; the act of informing by verbal report; grounds; verb: furnish a justifying analysis or explanation; keep an account of; be the sole or primary factor in the existence, acquisition, supply, or disposal of something; to give an account or representation of in words
accurate adjective: conforming exactly or almost exactly to fact or to a standard or performing with total accuracy; (of ideas, images, representations, expressions) characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth ; strictly correct
accurately adverb: with few mistakes; strictly correctly
accuse verb: bring an accusation against; level a charge against; blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehaviour against
achieve verb: to gain with effort
achievement noun: the action of accomplishing something
acid adjective: having the characteristics of an acid; harsh or corrosive in tone; being sour to the taste; noun: street name for lysergic acid diethylamide; any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
acknowledge verb: accept (someone) to be what is claimed or accept his power and authority; accept as legally binding and valid; express obligation, thanks, or gratitude for; report the receipt of; declare to be true or admit the existence or reality or truth of; express recognition of the presence or existence of, or acquaintance with
acquire verb: win something through one's efforts; locate (a moving entity) by means of a tracking system such as radar; come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes); take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect; gain through experience; gain knowledge or skills; come into the possession of something concrete or abstract
across adverb: transversely; to the opposite side
act noun: something that people do or cause to happen; a legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body; a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program; a subdivision of a play or opera or ballet; a manifestation of insincerity; verb: behave in a certain manner; show a certain behaviour; conduct or comport oneself; pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind; discharge one's duties; play a role or part; perform on a stage or theatre; perform an action, or work out or perform (an action); be engaged in an activity, often for no particular purpose other than pleasure; be suitable for theatrical performance; behave unnaturally or affectedly; have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected
action noun: something done (usually as opposed to something said); the most important or interesting work or activity in a specific area or field; an act by a government body or supranational organization; the operating part that transmits power to a mechanism; the trait of being active and energetic and forceful; the series of events that form a plot; the state of being active; a military engagement; a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another; one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong; a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); verb: institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against; put in effect
active adjective: characterized by energetic activity; engaged in full-time work; full of activity or engaged in continuous activity; tending to become more severe or wider in scope; disposed to take action or effectuate change; (of e.g. volcanos) erupting or liable to erupt; (of e.g. volcanos) capable of erupting; expressing action rather than a state of being; used of verbs (e.g. 'to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. 'running' in 'running water'); expressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor: "Hemingway favours active constructions"; exerting influence or producing a change or effect; of the sun; characterized by a high level activity in sunspots and flares and radio emissions; in operation; taking part in an activity; engaged in or ready for military or naval operations; noun: a person devoted to the active life; the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb; chemical agent capable of activity
actively adverb: in an active manner
activist adjective: advocating or engaged in activism; noun: a militant reformer
activity noun: any specific behaviour; (chemistry) the capacity of a substance to take part in a chemical reaction; the trait of being active; moving or acting rapidly and energetically; an organic process that takes place in the body; a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); the state of being active
actor noun: a theatrical performer; a person who acts and gets things done
actress noun: a female actor
actual adjective: presently existing in fact and not merely potential or possible; being or existing at the present moment; taking place in reality; not pretended or imitated; existing in act or fact; being or reflecting the essential or genuine character of something; existing in fact whether with lawful authority or not
actually adverb: used to imply that one would expect the fact to be the opposite of that stated; surprisingly; in actual fact; as a sentence modifier to add slight emphasis; at the present moment
adapt verb: make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose; adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions
add noun: a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioural and learning disorders; verb: make an addition (to); join or combine or unite with others; increase the quality, quantity, size or scope of; make an addition by combining numbers; state or say further; constitute an addition; determine the sum of; bestow a quality on
addition noun: the act of adding one thing to another; a component that is added to something to improve it; a suburban area laid out in streets and lots for a future residential area; a quantity that is added; the arithmetic operation of summing; calculating the sum of two or more numbers; something added to what you already have
additional adjective: further or added
address noun: the stance assumed by a golfer in preparation for hitting a golf ball; (computer science) the code that identifies where a piece of information is stored; written directions for finding some location; written on letters or packages that are to be delivered to that location; a sign in front of a house or business carrying the conventional form by which its location is described; the manner of speaking to another individual; the act of delivering a formal spoken communication to an audience; the place where a person or organization can be found or communicated with; social skill; verb: adjust and aim (a golf ball) at in preparation of hitting; speak to; give a speech to; speak to someone; put an address on (an envelope); direct a question at someone; address or apply oneself to something, direct one's efforts towards something, such as a question; access or locate by address; greet, as with a prescribed form, title, or name; deal with verbally or in some form of artistic expression
adequate adjective: (sometimes followed by 'to') meeting the requirements especially of a task; about average; acceptable; enough to meet a purpose
adequately adverb: in an adequate manner; in an adequate manner or to an adequate degree
adjust verb: adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions; alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard; make correspondent or conformable; decide how much is to be paid on an insurance claim; place in a line or arrange so as to be parallel or straight
adjustment noun: the act of adjusting something to match a standard; making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances; the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment); an amount added or deducted on the basis of qualifying circumstances; the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
administration noun: the act of administering medication; a method of tending to (especially business) matters; the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something; the tenure of a president
administrative adjective: of or relating to or responsible for administration
administrator noun: someone who manages a government agency or department; the party appointed by a probate court to distribute the estate of someone who dies without a will or without naming an executor; someone who administers a business
admiration noun: a favourable judgment; a feeling of delighted approval and liking; the feeling aroused by something strange and surprising
admire verb: feel admiration for; look at with admiration
admission noun: the act of admitting someone to enter; an acknowledgment of the truth of something; the fee charged for admission
admit verb: declare to be true or admit the existence or reality or truth of; allow participation in or the right to be part of; permit to exercise the rights, functions, and responsibilities of; allow to enter; grant entry to; serve as a means of entrance; give access or entrance to; afford possibility; admit into a group or community; have room for; hold without crowding
adolescent adjective: in the state of development between puberty and maturity; displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity; being of the age 13 through 19; relating to or peculiar to or suggestive of an adolescent; noun: a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity
adopt verb: take into one's family; take up and practice as one's own; choose and follow; as of theories, ideas, policies, strategies or plans; take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect; take up the cause, ideology, practice, method, of someone and use it as one's own; put into dramatic form; take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities
adult adjective: (of animals) fully developed; noun: any mature animal; a fully developed person from maturity onward
advance adjective: situated ahead or going before; being ahead of time or need; noun: increase in price or value; an amount paid before it is earned; the act of moving forward toward a goal; a tentative suggestion designed to elicit the reactions of others; a change for the better; progress in development; a movement forward; verb: rise in rate or price; develop further; bring forward for consideration or acceptance; move forward, also in the metaphorical sense; cause to move forward; move forward; pay in advance; develop in a positive way; increase or raise; obtain advantages, such as points, etc.; give a promotion to or assign to a higher position; contribute to the progress or growth of
advanced adjective: (of societies) highly developed especially in technology or industry; far along in time; comparatively late in a course of development; ahead in development; complex or intricate; at a higher level in training or knowledge or skill; farther along in physical or mental development; ahead of the times; situated ahead or going before
advantage noun: benefit resulting from some event or action; the quality of having a superior or more favourable position; (tennis) first point scored after deuce; verb: give an advantage to
adventure noun: a wild and exciting undertaking (not necessarily lawful); verb: take a risk in the hope of a favourable outcome; put at risk
advert noun: a public promotion of some product or service; verb: make reference to; make a more or less disguised reference to; give heed (to)
advertise verb: call attention to; make publicity for; try to sell (a product)
advertisement noun: a public promotion of some product or service
advertising noun: the business of drawing public attention to goods and services; a public promotion of some product or service
advice noun: a proposal for an appropriate course of action
advise verb: inform (somebody) of something; give advice to; make a proposal, declare a plan for something
adviser noun: an expert who gives advice
advocate noun: a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea; a lawyer who pleads cases in court; verb: speak, plead, or argue in favour of; push for something
affair noun: a vaguely specified social event; a usually secretive or illicit sexual relationship; a vaguely specified concern
affect noun: the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion; verb: act physically on; have an effect upon; have an effect upon; have an emotional or cognitive impact upon; make believe with the intent to deceive; connect closely and often incriminatingly
affection noun: a positive feeling of liking
afford verb: be able to spare or give up; afford access to; have the financial means to do something or buy something; be the cause or source of
afraid adjective: filled with fear or apprehension; filled with regret or concern; used often to soften an unpleasant statement; feeling worry or concern or insecurity; having feelings of aversion or unwillingness
after adjective: located farther aft; adverb: behind or in the rear; happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
afternoon noun: the part of the day between noon and evening; a conventional expression of greeting or farewell
afterwards adverb: happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
again adverb: anew
against preposition: against; opposed to; playing in opposition to; in contact with; in a direction opposite to; in contrast to
age noun: how long something has existed; a time in life (usually defined in years) at which some particular qualification or power arises; a late time of life; a prolonged period of time; an era of history having some distinctive feature; verb: begin to seem older; get older; make older; grow old or older
aged adjective: (used of tobacco) aging as a preservative process ('aged' is pronounced as one syllable); of wines, fruit, cheeses; having reached a desired or final condition; ('aged' pronounced as one syllable); advanced in years; ('aged' is pronounced as two syllables); having attained a specific age; ('aged' is pronounced as one syllable); at an advanced stage of erosion (pronounced as one syllable); noun: people who are old collectively
agency noun: a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of government; the state of being in action or exerting power; how a result is obtained or an end is achieved; the state of serving as an official and authorized delegate or agent
agenda noun: a temporally organized plan for matters to be attended to; a list of matters to be taken up (as at a meeting)
agent noun: an active and efficient cause; capable of producing a certain effect; a businessman who buys or sells for another in exchange for a commission; a representative who acts on behalf of other persons or organizations; any agent or representative of a federal agency or bureau; a substance that exerts some force or effect; the semantic role of the animate entity that instigates or causes the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
aggressive adjective: having or showing determination and energetic pursuit of your ends; characteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight; tending to spread quickly
ago adjective: gone by; or in the past; adverb: in the past
agree verb: consent or assent to a condition, or agree to do something; be in accord; be in agreement; achieve harmony of opinion, feeling, or purpose; be agreeable or suitable; show grammatical agreement; be compatible, similar or consistent; coincide in their characteristics; go together
agreement noun: compatibility of observations; the thing arranged or agreed to; the statement (oral or written) of an exchange of promises; the verbal act of agreeing; the determination of grammatical inflection on the basis of word relations; harmony of people's opinions or actions or characters
agricultural adjective: relating to or used in or promoting agriculture or farming; relating to rural matters
agriculture noun: the class of people engaged in growing food; the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock; a large-scale farming enterprise; the federal department that administers programs that provide services to farmers (including research and soil conservation and efforts to stabilize the farming economy); created in 1862
ahead adjective: having the leading position or higher score in a contest; adverb: at or in the front; ahead of time; in anticipation; in a forward direction; leading or ahead in a competition; to a different or a more advanced time (meaning advanced either toward the present or toward the future); to a more advanced or advantageous position; toward the future; forward in time
aid noun: the activity of contributing to the fulfilment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose; a resource; a gift of money to support a worthy person or cause; the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something; verb: improve the condition of; give help or assistance; be of service
aide noun: someone who acts as assistant; an officer who acts as military assistant to a more senior officer
AIDS noun: a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
aim noun: the action of directing something at an object; the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable); an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions; the direction or path along which something moves or along which it lies; verb: propose or intend; direct (a remark) toward an intended goal; aim or direct at; as of blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment; have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal; specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public; move into a desired direction of discourse; intend (something) to move towards a certain goal
air adjective: relating to or characteristic of or occurring in the air; noun: a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing; medium for radio and television broadcasting; the region above the ground; a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of; once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles); travel via aircraft; a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence; the mass of air surrounding the Earth; a slight wind (usually refreshing); verb: expose to warm or heated air, so as to dry; broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television; be broadcast; expose to cool or cold air so as to cool or freshen; make public; expose to fresh air
aircraft noun: a vehicle that can fly
airline noun: a commercial enterprise that provides scheduled flights for passengers; a hose that carries air under pressure
airport noun: an airfield equipped with control tower and hangers as well as accommodations for passengers and cargo
alarm noun: a device that signals the occurrence of some undesirable event; an automatic signal (usually a sound) warning of danger; fear resulting from the awareness of danger; a clock that wakes sleeper at pre-set time; verb: warn or arouse to a sense of danger or call to a state of preparedness; fill with apprehension or alarm; cause to be unpleasantly surprised
alarmed adjective: experiencing a sudden sense of danger
alarming adjective: causing alarm or fear
album noun: a book of blank pages with pockets or envelopes; for organizing photographs or stamp collections etc; one or more recordings issued together; originally released on 12-inch phonograph records (usually with attractive record covers) and later on cassette audio tape and compact disc
alcohol noun: a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent; any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
alcoholic adjective: addicted to alcohol; characteristic of or containing alcohol; noun: a person who drinks alcohol to excess habitually
alive adjective: capable of erupting; possessing life; (often followed by 'with') full of life and spirit; (followed by 'to' or 'of') aware of; having life or vigour or spirit; (usually followed by 'to') showing acute awareness; mentally perceptive; in operation
all adjective: completely given to or absorbed by; quantifier; used with either mass or count nouns to indicate the whole number or amount of or every one of a class; adverb: to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent ('whole' is often used informally for 'wholly')
alliance noun: a formal agreement establishing an association or alliance between nations or other groups to achieve a particular aim; an organization of people (or countries) involved in a pact or treaty; a connection based on kinship or marriage or common interest; the state of being allied or confederated; the act of forming an alliance or confederation
allied adjective: joined by treaty or agreement; related by common characteristics or ancestry; united in a confederacy or league; of or relating to or denoting the Allies in World War I; of or relating to or denoting the Allies in World War II
allow verb: allow or plan for a certain possibility; concede the truth or validity of something; give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause; allow the presence of or allow (an activity) without opposing or prohibiting; let have; grant as a discount or in exchange; consent to, give permission; make it possible through a specific action or lack of action for something to happen; allow the other (baseball) team to score; make a possibility or provide opportunity for; permit to be attainable or cause to remain; afford possibility
allowance noun: the act of allowing; a permissible difference; allowing some freedom to move within limits; an amount added or deducted on the basis of qualifying circumstances; an amount allowed or granted (as during a given period); a sum granted as reimbursement for expenses; a reserve fund created by a charge against profits in order to provide for changes in the value of a company's assets; verb: put on a fixed allowance, as of food
ally noun: a friendly nation; an associate who provides assistance; verb: become an ally or associate, as by a treaty or marriage
almost adverb: (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished
alone adjective: radically distinctive and without equal; exclusive of anyone or anything else; isolated from others; lacking companions or companionship; adverb: without anybody else; without any others being included or involved
along adverb: with a forward motion; in accompaniment or as a companion; in addition (usually followed by 'with'); to a more advanced state; in line with a length or direction (often followed by 'by' or 'beside')
alongside adverb: side by side
aloud adverb: using the voice; not silently; with relatively high volume
alphabet noun: a character set that includes letters and is used to write a language; the elementary stages of any subject (usually plural)
alphabetical adjective: arranged in order according to the alphabet; relating to or expressed by a writing system that uses an alphabet
alphabetically adverb: in alphabetical order
already adverb: prior to a specified or implied time
also adverb: in addition
alter verb: remove the ovaries of; make an alteration to; make or become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence; cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; insert words into texts, often falsifying it thereby
alternative adjective: necessitating a choice between mutually exclusive possibilities; pertaining to unconventional choices; allowing a choice; noun: one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
alternatively adverb: in place of, or as an alternative to
although adverb: (postpositive) however; conjunction: even though, in spite of the fact that
altogether adverb: with everything included or counted; to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent ('whole' is often used informally for 'wholly'); with everything considered (and neglecting details); noun: informal terms for nakedness
always adverb: at all times; all the time and on every occasion; forever; throughout all time; at any time or in any event; seemingly without interruption; often and repeatedly
amaze verb: affect with wonder; be a mystery or bewildering to
amazed adjective: filled with the emotional impact of overwhelming surprise or shock
amazing adjective: inspiring awe or admiration or wonder; surprising greatly
ambition noun: a strong drive for success; a cherished desire; verb: have as one's ambition
ambulance noun: a vehicle that takes people to and from hospitals
among preposition: in the middle of; in division, with shares to each; internal to, involving members of (a group of people); being a member (or members) of, in the class of
amount noun: how much of something is available; how much there is of something that you can quantify; a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers; a quantity of money; verb: be tantamount or equivalent to; develop into; add up in number or quantity
amuse verb: make (somebody) laugh; occupy in an agreeable, entertaining or pleasant fashion
amused adjective: pleasantly occupied
amusing adjective: arousing or provoking laughter; providing enjoyment; pleasantly entertaining
analyse verb: subject to psychoanalytic treatment; make a mathematical, chemical, or grammatical analysis of; break down into components or essential features; consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning; break down into components or essential features
analysis noun: an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole; the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations; a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and differentiation; a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analysed; the use of closed-class words instead of inflections: e.g., 'the father of the bride' instead of 'the bride's father'; a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud
analyst noun: a licensed practitioner of psychoanalysis; someone who is skilled at analysing data; an expert who studies financial data (on credit or securities or sales or financial patterns etc.) and recommends appropriate business actions
ancient adjective: very old; belonging to times long past especially of the historical period before the fall of the Western Roman Empire; noun: a person who lived in ancient times; a very old person
anger noun: a strong emotion; a feeling that is oriented toward some real or supposed grievance; the state of being angry; belligerence aroused by a real or supposed wrong (personified as one of the deadly sins); verb: make angry; become angry
angle noun: a member of a Germanic people who conquered England and merged with the Saxons and Jutes to become Anglo-Saxons; the space between two lines or planes that intersect; the inclination of one line to another; measured in degrees or radians; a biased way of looking at or presenting something; verb: fish with a hook; move or proceed at an angle; present with a bias; seek indirectly; to incline or bend from a vertical position
angrily adverb: with anger
angry adjective: feeling or showing anger; (of the elements) as if showing violent anger; severely inflamed and painful
animal adjective: of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from an animal or animals; marked by the appetites and passions of the body; noun: a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
ankle noun: a gliding joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula and the proximal end of the talus
anniversary noun: the date on which an event occurred in some previous year (or the celebration of it)
announce verb: announce publicly or officially; foreshadow or presage; make known; make an announcement; give the names of
announcement noun: a formal public statement; a public statement about something that is happening or going to happen
annoy verb: cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations
annoyed adjective: aroused to impatience or anger; troubled persistently especially with petty annoyances
annoying adjective: causing irritation or annoyance; noun: the act of troubling or annoying someone
annual adjective: completing its life cycle within a year; occurring or payable every year; noun: a reference book that is published regularly once every year; a plant that completes its entire life cycle within the space of a year
annually adverb: without missing a year; by the year; every year (usually with reference to a sum of money paid or received)
another adjective: any of various alternatives; some other
answer noun: a nonverbal reaction; the principle pleading by the defendant in response to plaintiff's complaint; in criminal law it consists of the defendant's plea of 'guilty' or 'not guilty' (or nolo contendere); in civil law it must contain denials of all allegations in the plaintiff's complaint that the defendant hopes to controvert and it can contain affirmative defences or counterclaims; a statement (either spoken or written) that is made in reply to a question or request or criticism or accusation; the speech act of replying to a question; a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem; verb: understand the meaning of; give the correct answer or solution to; react to a stimulus or command; respond to a signal; give a defence or refutation of (a charge) or in (an argument); reply or respond to; be satisfactory for; meet the requirements of or serve the purpose of; match or correspond; be liable or accountable; be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity
anti adjective: not in favour of (an action or proposal etc.); noun: a person who is opposed (to an action or policy or practice etc.)
anti- adjective: not in favour of (an action or proposal etc.); noun: a person who is opposed (to an action or policy or practice etc.)
anticipate verb: be a forerunner of or occur earlier than; realize beforehand; be excited or anxious about; act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; regard something as probable or likely; make a prediction about; tell in advance
anxiety noun: a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill-defined) misfortune; a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders
anxious adjective: eagerly desirous; causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
anxiously adverb: with anxiety or apprehension
anyhow adverb: used to indicate that a statement explains or supports a previous statement; in any way whatsoever
anymore adverb: at the present or from now on; usually used with a negative
anyone pronoun: any person
anything noun: a thing of any kind
anyway adverb: used to indicate that a statement explains or supports a previous statement; in any way whatsoever
anywhere adverb: at or in or to any place
apart adjective: remote and separate physically or socially; having characteristics not shared by others; not living together as man and wife; adverb: not taken into account or excluded from consideration; into parts or pieces; separated or at a distance in place or position or time; one from the other; away from another or others; placed or kept separate and distinct as for a purpose
apartment noun: a suite of rooms usually on one floor of an apartment house
apologize verb: acknowledge faults or shortcomings or failing; defend, explain, clear away, or make excuses for by reasoning
apology noun: a poor example; an expression of regret at having caused trouble for someone; a formal written defence of something you believe in strongly
apparent adjective: clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment; appearing as such but not necessarily so
apparently adverb: from appearances alone; unmistakably ('plain' is often used informally for 'plainly')
appeal noun: (law) a legal proceeding in which the appellant resorts to a higher court for the purpose of obtaining a review of a lower court decision and a reversal of the lower court's judgment or the granting of a new trial; attractiveness that interests or pleases or stimulates; request for a sum of money; earnest or urgent request; verb: request earnestly (something from somebody); ask for aid or protection; take a court case to a higher court for review; challenge (a decision); cite as an authority; resort to; be attractive to
appear verb: come into sight or view; come into being or existence, or appear on the scene; be issued or published; appear as a character on stage or appear in a play, etc.; seem to be true, probable, or apparent; present oneself formally, as before a (judicial) authority; give a certain impression or have a certain outward aspect
appearance noun: the act of appearing in public view; pretending that something is the case in order to make a good impression; formal attendance (in court or at a hearing) of a party in an action; outward or visible aspect of a person or thing; a mental representation; the event of coming into sight
apple noun: fruit with red or yellow or green skin and sweet to tart crisp whitish flesh; native Eurasian tree widely cultivated in many varieties for its firm rounded edible fruits
application noun: a diligent effort; the work of applying something; the act of bringing something to bear; using it for a particular purpose; a verbal or written request for assistance or employment or admission to a school; a program that gives a computer instructions that provide the user with tools to accomplish a task; liquid preparation having a soothing or antiseptic or medicinal action when applied to the skin
apply verb: ask (for something); refer (a word or name) to a person or thing; apply oneself to; be pertinent or relevant or applicable; put into service; make work or employ (something) for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose; apply to a surface; give or convey physically; ensure observance of laws and rules; avail oneself to; be applicable to; as to an analysis
appoint verb: furnish; create and charge with a task or function; assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to
appointment noun: (law) the act of disposing of property by virtue of the power of appointment; the act of putting a person into a non-elective position; the job to which you are (or hope to be) appointed; (usually plural) furnishings and equipment (especially for a ship or hotel); a meeting arranged in advance; a person who is appointed to a job or position
appreciate verb: increase the value of; gain in value; be fully aware of; realize fully; recognize with gratitude; be grateful for; hold dear
approach noun: the act of drawing spatially closer to something; a relatively short golf shot intended to put the ball onto the putting green; ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation; a close approximation; the temporal property of becoming nearer in time; the event of one object coming closer to another; a way of entering or leaving; a tentative suggestion designed to elicit the reactions of others; the final path followed by an aircraft as it is landing; verb: make advances to someone, usually with a proposal or suggestion; come near in time; move towards; begin to deal with; come near or verge on, resemble, come nearer in quality, or character
appropriate adjective: suitable for a particular person or place or condition etc; suitable and fitting; meant or adapted for an occasion or use; being of striking appropriateness and pertinence; appropriate for achieving a particular end; implies a lack of concern for fairness; verb: take possession of by force, as after an invasion; give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause
approval noun: a message expressing a favourable opinion; a feeling of liking something or someone good; acceptance as satisfactory; the formal act of approving
approve verb: judge to be right or commendable; think well of; give sanction to
approving adjective: expressing or manifesting praise or approval; noun: the formal act of approving
approximate adjective: located close together; very close in resemblance; not quite exact or correct; verb: be close or similar; judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time)
approximately adverb: (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct
April noun: the month following March and preceding May
architect noun: someone who creates plans to be used in making something (such as buildings)
architecture noun: the profession of designing buildings and environments with consideration for their aesthetic effect; an architectural product or work; the discipline dealing with the principles of design and construction and ornamentation of fine buildings; (computer science) the structure and organization of a computer's hardware or system software
area noun: a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function; the extent of a 2-dimensional surface enclosed within a boundary; a part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve; a subject of study; a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography); a particular environment or walk of life
argue verb: present reasons and arguments; give evidence of; have an argument about something
argument noun: a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose value determines the dependent variable; if f(x)=y, x is the independent variable; a summary of the subject or plot of a literary work or play or movie; a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true; a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against some proposition or proposal; a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong disagreement
arise verb: result or issue; rise to one's feet; originate or come into being; get up and out of bed; move upward; take part in a rebellion; renounce a former allegiance; come into existence; take on form or shape
arm noun: the part of an armchair or sofa that supports the elbow and forearm of a seated person; any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm; a human limb; technically the part of the superior limb between the shoulder and the elbow but commonly used to refer to the whole superior limb; the part of a garment that is attached at the armhole and that provides a cloth covering for the arm; any instrument or instrumentality used in fighting or hunting; an administrative division of some larger or more complex organization; verb: prepare oneself for a military confrontation; supply with arms
armed adjective: (used of persons or the military) characterized by having or bearing arms; (used of plants and animals) furnished with bristles and thorns; having arms or arms as specified; used especially in combination
arms noun: the official symbols of a family, state, etc.; weapons considered collectively
army noun: a large number of people united for some specific purpose; the agency that organizes and trains soldiers for land warfare
around adverb: in circumference; by a circular or circuitous route; in a circle or circular motion; to a particular destination either specified or understood; (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct; in the area or vicinity; from beginning to end; throughout; all around or on all sides; in or to a reversed position or direction; to or among many different places or in no particular direction
arrange verb: arrange thoughts, ideas, temporal events; make arrangements for; put into a proper or systematic order; adapt for performance in a different way; arrange attractively; plan, organize, and carry out (an event); set (printed matter) into a specific format
arrangement noun: the act of arranging and adapting a piece of music; an organized structure for arranging or classifying; an orderly grouping (of things or persons) considered as a unit; the result of arranging; the spatial property of the way in which something is placed; the thing arranged or agreed to; a piece of music that has been adapted for performance by a particular set of voices or instruments
arrest noun: the state of inactivity following an interruption; the act of apprehending (especially apprehending a criminal); verb: hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of; take into custody; attract and fix; cause to stop
arrival noun: accomplishment of an objective; the act of arriving at a certain place; someone who arrives (or has arrived)
arrive verb: reach a destination; arrive by movement or progress; succeed in a big way; get to the top
arrow noun: a projectile with a straight thin shaft and an arrowhead on one end and stabilizing vanes on the other; intended to be shot from a bow; a mark to indicate a direction or relation
art noun: the creation of beautiful or significant things; the products of human creativity; works of art collectively; a superior skill that you can learn by study and practice and observation; photographs or other visual representations in a printed publication
article noun: one of a class of artefacts; nonfictional prose forming an independent part of a publication; (grammar) a determiner that may indicate the specificity of reference of a noun phrase; a separate section of a legal document (as a statute or contract or will); verb: bind by a contract; especially for a training period
artificial adjective: artificially formal; contrived by art rather than nature; not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processes
artificially adverb: not according to nature; not by natural means
artist noun: a person whose creative work shows sensitivity and imagination
artistic adjective: satisfying aesthetic standards and sensibilities; relating to or characteristic of art or artists; aesthetically pleasing
ashamed adjective: feeling shame or guilt or embarrassment or remorse
aside adverb: in reserve; not for immediate use; on or to one side; out of the way (especially away from one's thoughts); placed or kept separate and distinct as for a purpose; not taken into account or excluded from consideration; in a different direction; noun: a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage; a message that departs from the main subject
ask verb: make a request or demand for something to somebody; consider obligatory; request and expect; inquire about; direct or put; seek an answer to; address a question to and expect an answer from; require or ask for as a price or condition; require as useful, just, or proper
asleep adjective: dead; in a state of sleep; lacking sensation; adverb: into a sleeping state; in the sleep of death
aspect noun: a characteristic to be considered; a distinct feature or element in a problem; the beginning or duration or completion or repetition of the action of a verb; the feelings expressed on a person's face; the visual percept of a region
assault noun: a threatened or attempted physical attack by someone who appears to be able to cause bodily harm if not stopped; close fighting during the culmination of a military attack; thoroughbred that won the triple crown in 1946; the crime of forcing a woman to submit to sexual intercourse against her will; verb: attack in speech or writing; attack someone physically or emotionally; force (someone) to have sex against their will
assert verb: state categorically; insist on having one's opinions and rights recognized; assert to be true; to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true
assess verb: estimate the value of (property) for taxation; charge (a person or a property) with a payment, such as a tax or a fine; place a value on; judge the worth of something; set or determine the amount of (a payment such as a fine)
assessment noun: the market value set on assets; an amount determined as payable; the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
asset noun: a useful or valuable quality
assign verb: select something or someone for a specific purpose; decide as to where something belongs in a scheme; transfer one's right to; give out or allot; attribute or credit to; attribute or give; make undue claims to having; give an assignment to (a person) to a post, or assign a task to (a person)
assignment noun: the act of distributing something to designated places or persons; a duty that you are assigned to perform (especially in the armed forces); an undertaking that you have been assigned to do (as by an instructor); the instrument by which a claim or right or interest or property is transferred from one person to another; the act of putting a person into a non-elective position; (law) a transfer of property by deed of conveyance
assist noun: (sports) the act of enabling another player to make a good play; the activity of contributing to the fulfilment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose; verb: act as an assistant in a subordinate or supportive function; work for or be a servant to; give help or assistance; be of service
assistance noun: the activity of contributing to the fulfilment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose; a resource
assistant adjective: of or relating to a person who is subordinate to another; noun: a person who contributes to the fulfilment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose
associate adjective: having partial rights and privileges or subordinate status; noun: any event that usually accompanies or is closely connected with another; a person who joins with others in some activity; a degree granted by a two-year college on successful completion of the undergraduates course of studies; a person who is frequently in the company of another; verb: make a logical or causal connection; bring or come into association or action; keep company with; hang out with
association noun: the act of consorting with or joining with others; the process of bringing ideas or events together in memory or imagination; (ecology) a group of organisms (plants and animals) that live together in a certain geographical region and constitute a community with a few dominant species; a formal organization of people or groups of people; (chemistry) any process of combination (especially in solution) that depends on relatively weak chemical bonding; a relation resulting from interaction or dependence; the state of being connected together as in memory or imagination; a social or business relationship
assume verb: take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect; take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof; take up someone's soul into heaven; occupy or take on; seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession; take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities; put clothing on one's body; make a pretence of; take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person
assumption noun: the act of taking possession of or power over something; the act of assuming or taking for granted; a hypothesis that is taken for granted; (Christianity) the taking up of the body and soul of the Virgin Mary when her earthly life had ended; celebration in the Roman Catholic Church of the Virgin Mary's being taken up into heaven when her earthly life ended; corresponds to the Dormition in the Eastern Orthodox church; audacious (even arrogant) behaviour that you have no right to; a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn
assure verb: assure somebody of the truth of something with the intention of giving the listener confidence; inform positively and with certainty and confidence; be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; make a promise or commitment; make certain of; cause to feel sure; give reassurance to
athlete noun: a person trained to compete in sports
athletic adjective: having a sturdy and well proportioned body; relating to or befitting athletics or athletes; vigorously active
atmosphere noun: the mass of air surrounding the Earth; the envelope of gases surrounding any celestial body; the weather or climate at some place; a particular environment or surrounding influence; a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing; a unit of pressure: the pressure that will support a column of mercury 760 mm high at sea level and 0 degrees centigrade
atom noun: (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything; (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
attach verb: be attached; be in contact with; become attached; cause to be attached; take temporary possession of as a security, by legal authority; create social or emotional ties
attached adjective: associated in an exclusive sexual relationship; used of buildings joined by common sidewalls; fastened together; permanently attached to a substrate; not free to move about; being joined in close association
attack noun: a decisive manner of beginning a musical tone or phrase; an offensive move in a sport or game; the act of attacking; (military) an offensive against an enemy (using weapons); strong criticism; the onset of a corrosive or destructive process (as by a chemical agent); a sudden occurrence of an uncontrollable condition; ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation; intense adverse criticism; verb: begin to injure; set to work upon; turn one's energies vigorously to a task; attack in speech or writing; take the initiative and go on the offensive; launch an attack or assault on; begin hostilities or start warfare with; attack someone physically or emotionally
attempt noun: earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something; the act of attacking; verb: enter upon an activity or enterprise; make an effort or attempt
attempted adjective: tried unsuccessfully
attend verb: give heed (to); take charge of or deal with; be present at (meetings, church services, university), etc.; to accompany as a circumstance or follow as a result; work for or be a servant to
attention noun: a courteous act indicating affection; a motionless erect stance with arms at the sides and feet together; assumed by military personnel during drill or review; the faculty or power of mental concentration; the process whereby a person concentrates on some features of the environment to the (relative) exclusion of others; a general interest that leads people to want to know more; the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something
attitude noun: a theatrical pose created for effect; a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain ways; position of aircraft or spacecraft relative to a frame of reference (the horizon or direction of motion); the arrangement of the body and its limbs
attorney noun: a professional person authorized to practice law; conducts lawsuits or gives legal advice
attract verb: exert a force on (a body) causing it to approach or prevent it from moving away; direct toward itself or oneself by means of some psychological power or physical attributes; be attractive to
attraction noun: the quality of arousing interest; being attractive or something that attracts; a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts; an entertainment that is offered to the public; the force by which one object attracts another; an entertainer who attracts large audiences
attractive adjective: pleasing to the eye or mind especially through beauty or charm; having the properties of a magnet; the ability to draw or pull; having power to arouse interest
attribute noun: an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of an entity; a construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished; verb: attribute or credit to; decide as to where something belongs in a scheme
audience noun: a gathering of spectators or listeners at a (usually public) performance; the part of the general public interested in a source of information or entertainment; a conference (usually with someone important); an opportunity to state your case and be heard
August adjective: profoundly honoured; of or befitting a lord; noun: the month following July and preceding September
aunt noun: the sister of your father or mother; the wife of your uncle
author noun: someone who originates or causes or initiates something; writes (books or stories or articles or the like) professionally (for pay); verb: be the author of
authority noun: official permission or approval; the power or right to give orders or make decisions; an authoritative written work; an expert whose views are taken as definitive; (usually plural) persons who exercise (administrative) control over others; freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities; an administrative unit of government
auto noun: a motor vehicle with four wheels; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine
automatic adjective: operating with minimal human intervention; independent of external control; like the unthinking functioning of a machine; without volition or conscious control; noun: a pistol that will keep firing until the ammunition is gone or the trigger is released; light machine gun
automatically adverb: in a reflex manner; in a mechanical manner; by a mechanism
autumn noun: the season when the leaves fall from the trees
available adjective: obtainable or accessible and ready for use or service; convenient for use or disposal; not busy; not otherwise committed
average adjective: lacking special distinction, rank, or status; commonly encountered; around the middle of a scale of evaluation of physical measures; approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value; lacking exceptional quality or ability; relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in a set with an even number of values); relating to or constituting the most frequent value in a distribution; noun: a statistic describing the location of a distribution; verb: compute the average of; achieve or reach on average; amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain
avoid verb: stay clear from; keep away from; keep out of the way of someone or something; refrain from doing something; refrain from certain foods or beverages; prevent the occurrence of; prevent from happening; declare invalid
awake adjective: not in a state of sleep; completely conscious; (usually followed by 'to') showing acute awareness; mentally perceptive; not unconscious; especially having become conscious; verb: stop sleeping
award noun: a grant made by a law court; a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction; something given for victory or superiority in a contest or competition or for winning a lottery; verb: give, especially as an honour or reward; give as judged due or on the basis of merit
aware adjective: (sometimes followed by 'of') having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization or perception; aware or knowing; bearing in mind; attentive to
awareness noun: having knowledge of; state of elementary or undifferentiated consciousness
away adjective: (of a baseball pitch) on the far side of home plate from the batter; used of an opponent's ground; not present; having left; adverb: from a particular thing or place or position ('forth' is obsolete); from one's possession; out of existence; indicating continuing action; continuously or steadily; in a different direction; in or into a proper place (especially for storage or safekeeping); so as to be removed or gotten rid of; freely or at will; in reserve; not for immediate use; out of the way (especially away from one's thoughts); at a distance in space or time
awful adjective: causing fear or dread or terror; exceptionally bad or displeasing; inspiring awe or admiration or wonder; offensive or even (of persons) malicious; extreme in degree or extent or amount or impact; inspired by a feeling of fearful wonderment or reverence; adverb: used as intensifiers
awfully adverb: used as intensifiers; in a terrible manner; of a dreadful kind
awkward adjective: not at ease socially; unsure and constrained in manner; causing inconvenience; hard to deal with; especially causing pain or embarrassment; not elegant or graceful in expression; lacking grace or skill in manner or movement or performance; difficult to handle or manage especially because of shape
awkwardly adverb: in an awkward manner

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