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Did you know that there are over 600,000 words in English? That's a lot of words, and far more than any human being could ever manage to learn. Even Shakespeare only used around 55,000 different words in all of his works. Mind you, he did actually invent quite a few of them. To get a good mastery of English, you do need to expand your vocabulary as much as possible. The more words you know, the better your English will be. The Activities here will help you to quickly develop your vocabulary.
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Are you ready to test your comprehension skills and reinforce your understanding of fusion power and solar energy? We have created a multiple-choice comprehension exercise based on the article we wrote about the advantages and disadvantages of developing fusion reactors on Earth compared to harnessing energy from the sun. This exercise is designed to challenge your knowledge of the article and its concepts and to help you reinforce your understanding of the topic. So, put your thinking caps on, and let's get started!
The article discusses the debate surrounding the development of fusion reactors on Earth and the potential of harnessing energy from the sun. While fusion energy has the potential to be a clean and sustainable source of power, the challenges of creating practical fusion reactors, such as high temperatures and pressures, and nuclear waste disposal, have led some to question the feasibility of this technology. The article argues that harnessing the energy of the sun, which is nearly limitless, could be a more sustainable and cost-effective solution. Although there are challenges with solar energy, such as energy storage and distribution, the article suggests that developing and deploying solar energy technologies could create a more resilient and sustainable energy system for generations to come.
For decades, scientists have been working to develop fusion reactors as a means of generating clean, sustainable energy. However, there is a growing debate about whether this is a wise use of resources when we already have a nearly limitless fusion reactor in the sky: the sun. In this article, we will explore the arguments for why developing fusion reactors here on earth may not be the best use of our time, money, and resources.
First, let's start by understanding what fusion is and how it works. Fusion is the process of combining two atomic nuclei to create a heavier nucleus, releasing a tremendous amount of energy in the process. This is how stars like the sun produce energy. Scientists have been trying to recreate this process on Earth by building machines that can confine and heat hydrogen gas to the temperatures and pressures necessary for fusion to occur.
While the potential benefits of fusion energy are significant, there are many challenges to developing practical fusion reactors. One of the biggest challenges is the high temperature and pressure required to initiate and sustain fusion reactions. To achieve these conditions, scientists use powerful magnetic fields or laser beams to confine and heat the hydrogen fuel. These techniques require large, complex machines and significant amounts of energy, which raises questions about whether they are a sustainable solution to our energy needs.
Another major challenge is the issue of nuclear waste. While fusion reactors do not produce the same kind of highly radioactive waste as traditional nuclear reactors, they do produce a small amount of radioactive material that must be safely disposed of. This presents a significant logistical challenge and raises concerns about the long-term safety of fusion power.
Now, let's consider the sun as a fusion reactor. The sun is an enormous, self-sustaining fusion reactor that has been producing energy for billions of years. It is estimated that the sun's energy output could supply our planet's energy needs for billions of years to come. And the best part is, we don't have to build anything or worry about disposing of nuclear waste. All we have to do is harness the energy that is already being produced and delivered to us for free.
Of course, there are challenges to using solar energy as a primary source of power. One of the biggest is the issue of storage. Solar energy is only available during daylight hours, and we need to find ways to store excess energy for use when the sun is not shining. However, there are already many promising technologies for energy storage, including batteries and pumped hydroelectric storage.
Another challenge is the issue of distribution. Solar energy is not evenly distributed around the globe, and some regions receive more sunlight than others. However, this can be addressed through the development of a global energy grid that can transport excess energy from regions with abundant sunlight to regions that need it.
In conclusion, while the development of fusion reactors may seem like an attractive solution to our energy needs, it is important to consider the challenges and costs associated with this technology. Given that we already have a nearly limitless fusion reactor in the sun, it may make more sense to focus our efforts on developing and deploying solar energy technologies that can capture and store the sun's energy for our use. By doing so, we can create a more sustainable and resilient energy system for generations to come.
/ fə ˈdek.eɪdz / ˈsaɪən.tɪsts həv biːn ˈwɜːk.ɪŋ tə dɪ.ˈve.ləp ˈfjuːʒ.n̩ rɪ.ˈæk.təz əz ə miːnz əv ˈdʒen.ə.reɪtɪŋ kliːn / sə.ˈsteɪ.nəb.l̩ ˈe.nə.dʒi / haʊ.ˈe.və / ðə ɪz ə ˈɡrəʊɪŋ dɪ.ˈbeɪt ə.ˈbaʊt ˈwe.ðə ðɪs ɪz ə waɪz ˈjuːs əv rɪ.ˈzɔː.sɪz wen wi ɔːl.ˈre.di həv ə ˈnɪə.li ˈlɪ.mɪt.ləs ˈfjuːʒ.n̩ rɪ.ˈæk.tər ɪn ðə skaɪ / ðə sʌn / ɪn ðɪs ˈɑː.tɪk.l̩ / wi wl̩ ɪk.ˈsplɔː ði ˈɑː.ɡju.mənts fə waɪ dɪ.ˈve.ləp.ɪŋ ˈfjuːʒ.n̩ rɪ.ˈæk.təz hɪər ɒn ɜːθ meɪ nɒt bi ðə best ˈjuːs əv ˈaʊə ˈtaɪm / ˈmʌ.ni / ənd rɪ.ˈzɔː.sɪz /
/ ˈfɜːst / lets stɑːt baɪ ˌʌn.də.ˈstænd.ɪŋ ˈwɒt ˈfjuːʒ.n̩ ɪz ənd ˈhaʊ ˈɪt ˈwɜːks / ˈfjuːʒ.n̩ ɪz ðə ˈprəʊ.ses əv kəm.ˈbaɪn.ɪŋ ˈtuː ə.ˈtɒ.mɪk ˈnjuːk.li.aɪ tə kriː.ˈeɪt ə ˈhe.vɪə ˈnjuːk.li.əs / rɪ.ˈliːs.ɪŋ ə trɪ.ˈmen.dəs ə.ˈmaʊnt əv ˈe.nə.dʒi ɪn ðə ˈprəʊ.ses / ðɪs ɪz ˈhaʊ stɑːz ˈlaɪk ðə sʌn prə.ˈdjuːs ˈe.nə.dʒi / ˈsaɪən.tɪsts həv biːn ˈtraɪ.ɪŋ tə ˌriː.kriː.ˈeɪt ðɪs ˈprəʊ.ses ɒn ɜːθ baɪ ˈbɪld.ɪŋ mə.ˈʃiːnz ðət kən kən.ˈfaɪn ənd hiːt ˈhaɪ.drə.dʒən ɡæs tə ðə ˈtem.prə.tʃəz ənd ˈpre.ʃəz ˈne.sə.sə.ri fə ˈfjuːʒ.n̩ tu əˈk.ɜː /
/ waɪl ðə pə.ˈten.ʃl̩ ˈbe.nɪ.fɪts əv ˈfjuːʒ.n̩ ˈe.nə.dʒi ə sɪɡ.ˈnɪ.fɪkənt / ðər ə ˈmen.i ˈtʃæ.lən.dʒɪz tə dɪ.ˈve.ləp.ɪŋ ˈpræk.tɪk.l̩ ˈfjuːʒ.n̩ rɪ.ˈæk.təz / wʌn əv ðə ˈbɪ.ɡɪst ˈtʃæ.lən.dʒɪz ɪz ðə haɪ ˈtem.prə.tʃər ənd ˈpre.ʃə rɪ.ˈkwaɪəd tu ɪ.ˈnɪ.ʃɪeɪt ənd sə.ˈsteɪn ˈfjuːʒ.n̩ rɪ.ˈæk.ʃn̩z / tu ə.ˈtʃiːv ðiːz kən.ˈdɪʃ.n̩z / ˈsaɪən.tɪsts ˈjuːs ˈpaʊə.fəl mæɡ.ˈne.tɪk fiːldz ɔː ˈleɪ.zə biːmz tə kən.ˈfaɪn ənd hiːt ðə ˈhaɪ.drə.dʒən ˈfjuːəl / ðiːz tek.ˈniːks rɪ.ˈkwaɪə lɑːdʒ / ˈkɒm.pleks mə.ˈʃiːnz ənd sɪɡ.ˈnɪ.fɪkənt ə.ˈmaʊnts əv ˈe.nə.dʒi / wɪtʃ ˈreɪ.zɪz ˈkwes.tʃənz ə.ˈbaʊt ˈwe.ðə ˈðeɪ ər ə sə.ˈsteɪ.nəb.l̩ sə.ˈluːʃ.n̩ tu ˈaʊər ˈe.nə.dʒi niːdz /
/ ə.ˈnʌð.ə ˈmeɪ.dʒə ˈtʃæ.ləndʒ ɪz ði ˈɪ.ʃuː əv ˈnjuː.klɪə weɪst / waɪl ˈfjuːʒ.n̩ rɪ.ˈæk.təz də nɒt prə.ˈdjuːs ðə seɪm kaɪnd əv ˈhaɪ.li ˌreɪ.dɪəʊ.ˈæk.tɪv weɪst əz trə.ˈdɪʃ.n̩əl ˈnjuː.klɪə rɪ.ˈæk.təz / ˈðeɪ də prə.ˈdjuːs ə smɔːl ə.ˈmaʊnt əv ˌreɪ.dɪəʊ.ˈæk.tɪv mə.ˈtɪə.rɪəl ðət məst bi ˈseɪ.fli dɪ.ˈspəʊzd ɒv / ðɪs prɪ.ˈzents ə sɪɡ.ˈnɪ.fɪkənt lə.ˈdʒɪ.stɪkəl ˈtʃæ.ləndʒ ənd ˈreɪ.zɪz kən.ˈsɜːnz ə.ˈbaʊt ðə ˈlɒŋ tɜːm ˈseɪf.ti əv ˈfjuːʒ.n̩ ˈpaʊə /
/ naʊ / lets kən.ˈsɪ.də ðə sʌn əz ə ˈfjuːʒ.n̩ rɪ.ˈæk.tə / ðə sʌn ɪz ən ɪ.ˈnɔː.məs / self sə.ˈsteɪn.ɪŋ ˈfjuːʒ.n̩ rɪ.ˈæk.tə ðət həz biːn prə.ˈdjuːs.ɪŋ ˈe.nə.dʒi fə ˈbɪ.lɪəŋz əv ˈjiəz / ˈɪt ɪz ˈe.stɪ.meɪ.tɪd ðət ðə ˈsənz ˈe.nə.dʒi ˈaʊt.pʊt kəd sə.ˈplaɪ ˈaʊə ˈplæ.nəts ˈe.nə.dʒi niːdz fə ˈbɪ.lɪəŋz əv ˈjiəz tə ˈkʌm / ənd ðə best pɑːt ɪz / wi dəʊnt həv tə bɪld ˈe.ni.θɪŋ ɔː ˈwʌr.i ə.ˈbaʊt dɪ.ˈspəʊz.ɪŋ əv ˈnjuː.klɪə weɪst / ɔːl wi həv tə də ɪz ˈhɑː.nəs ði ˈe.nə.dʒi ðət ɪz ɔːl.ˈre.di ˈbiːɪŋ prə.ˈdjuːst ənd dɪ.ˈlɪ.vəd tu əz fə friː /
/ əv kɔːs / ðər ə ˈtʃæ.lən.dʒɪz tə ˈjuːz.ɪŋ ˈsəʊ.lər ˈe.nə.dʒi əz ə ˈpraɪ.mə.ri sɔːs əv ˈpaʊə / wʌn əv ðə ˈbɪ.ɡɪst ɪz ði ˈɪ.ʃuː əv ˈstɔː.rɪdʒ / ˈsəʊ.lər ˈe.nə.dʒi ɪz ˈəʊn.li ə.ˈveɪ.ləb.l̩ ˈdjʊər.ɪŋ ˈdeɪ.laɪt ˈaʊ.əz / ənd wi niːd tə faɪnd ˈweɪz tə stɔːr ɪk.ˈses ˈe.nə.dʒi fə ˈjuːs wen ðə sʌn ɪz nɒt ˈʃaɪn.ɪŋ / haʊ.ˈe.və / ðər ər ɔːl.ˈre.di ˈmen.i ˈprɒ.mɪs.ɪŋ tek.ˈnɒ.lə.dʒɪz fər ˈe.nə.dʒi ˈstɔː.rɪdʒ / ɪn.ˈkluːd.ɪŋ ˈbæ.triz ənd pʌmpt ˌhaɪ.drəʊɪ.ˈlek.trɪk ˈstɔː.rɪdʒ /
/ ə.ˈnʌð.ə ˈtʃæ.ləndʒ ɪz ði ˈɪ.ʃuː əv ˌdɪ.strɪ.ˈbjuːʃ.n̩ / ˈsəʊ.lər ˈe.nə.dʒi ɪz nɒt ˈiːvn.li dɪ.ˈstrɪ.bjuː.tɪd ə.ˈraʊnd ðə ɡləʊb / ənd səm ˈriː.dʒənz rɪ.ˈsiːv mɔː ˈsʌn.laɪt ðən ˈʌð.əz / haʊ.ˈe.və / ðɪs kən bi ə.ˈdrest θruː ðə dɪ.ˈve.ləp.mənt əv ə ˈɡləʊb.l̩ ˈe.nə.dʒi ɡrɪd ðət kən træns.ˈpɔːt ɪk.ˈses ˈe.nə.dʒi frəm ˈriː.dʒənz wɪð ə.ˈbʌnd.ənt ˈsʌn.laɪt tə ˈriː.dʒənz ðət niːd ˈɪt /
/ ɪn kən.ˈkluːʒ.n̩ / waɪl ðə dɪ.ˈve.ləp.mənt əv ˈfjuːʒ.n̩ rɪ.ˈæk.təz meɪ siːm ˈlaɪk ən ə.ˈtræk.tɪv sə.ˈluːʃ.n̩ tu ˈaʊər ˈe.nə.dʒi niːdz / ˈɪt ɪz ɪm.ˈpɔːtnt tə kən.ˈsɪ.də ðə ˈtʃæ.lən.dʒɪz ənd kɒsts ə.ˈsəʊ.ʃieɪ.tɪd wɪð ðɪs tek.ˈnɒ.lə.dʒi / ɡɪv.n̩ ðət wi ɔːl.ˈre.di həv ə ˈnɪə.li ˈlɪ.mɪt.ləs ˈfjuːʒ.n̩ rɪ.ˈæk.tər ɪn ðə sʌn / ˈɪt meɪ ˈmeɪk mɔː sens tə ˈfəʊkəs ˈaʊər ˈe.fəts ɒn dɪ.ˈve.ləp.ɪŋ ənd dɪˈplo.ɪ.ɪŋ ˈsəʊ.lər ˈe.nə.dʒi tek.ˈnɒ.lə.dʒɪz ðət kən ˈkæp.tʃər ənd stɔː ðə ˈsənz ˈe.nə.dʒi fə ˈaʊə ˈjuːs / baɪ ˈduːɪŋ ˈsəʊ / wi kən kriː.ˈeɪt ə mɔː sə.ˈsteɪ.nəb.l̩ ənd rɪ.ˈzɪ.lɪənt ˈe.nə.dʒi ˈsɪs.təm fə ˌdʒen.ə.ˈreɪʃ.n̩z tə ˈkʌm /
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