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Welcome to these British English reading and listening comprehension exercises, designed to help you improve your English language reading and listening skills as well as your vocabulary and grammar. In these lessons, we will explore the topic of the text, and as you read, pay close attention to vocabulary and content as after reading or listening you will test your understanding of the text with multiple-choice questions. These exercises will not only enhance your reading and listening comprehension but also provide you with valuable knowledge about the subjects of the texts. Good luck and enjoy the exercises!
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Description Info Download Parts (19) Audio Readings IPA Script
Welcome to this British English reading and listening comprehension exercise, designed to help you improve your English language reading and listening skills as well as your vocabulary and grammar. In this lesson, we will explore the topic of Olive Oil. As you read the text, Olive Oil, pay close attention to vocabulary and content as after reading or listening, you will test your understanding of Olive Oil with multiple-choice questions. This exercise will not only enhance your reading and listening comprehension but also provide you with valuable knowledge about Olive Oil. Good luck and enjoy the exercises!
Olive oil has a rich history dating back to 6000 BCE, with its origins in the Eastern Mediterranean region. It has played a significant role in various civilizations, including the Greeks, Romans, and Phoenicians, who used it for cooking, lighting, medicinal purposes, and as a beauty product. Olive oil production expanded during the Middle Ages, the Islamic Golden Age, and the Age of Exploration, eventually reaching the Americas. The Industrial Revolution brought innovations like the hydraulic press, making olive oil more accessible. Today, olive oil is celebrated for its health benefits as a staple of the Mediterranean diet, with Spain, Italy, and Greece leading global production.
Olive oil has a long and storied past, dating back thousands of years. Its significance spans cultures, continents, and civilizations. As an essential ingredient in culinary practices, a source of light and heat, and a symbol of peace and prosperity, olive oil has been central to human life since ancient times.
Olive oil production began around 6000 BCE in the Eastern Mediterranean region. Evidence suggests that the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt were cultivating olive trees and using their oil for various purposes. The Phoenicians, a seafaring people from the region that is now Lebanon, played a critical role in spreading olive cultivation throughout the Mediterranean.
The Greeks and Romans:
The Greeks and Romans cherished olive oil for its versatility. It was used in cooking, as a fuel for lamps, for medicinal purposes, and as a beauty product. Olive oil was so important to the ancient Greeks that they considered the olive tree a gift from the goddess Athena. The Romans, too, cultivated vast olive groves and developed advanced techniques for producing and storing olive oil.
The Middle Ages and the Islamic Golden Age:
During the Middle Ages, olive oil was a valuable trade commodity in the Mediterranean, and the cultivation of olive trees expanded into Spain, Italy, and North Africa. The Islamic Golden Age brought about further advancements in olive oil production, as Arab scholars studied and improved upon the techniques used by the Greeks and Romans.
The Renaissance and the Age of Exploration:
As the Renaissance swept through Europe, the demand for olive oil continued to grow. The Age of Exploration facilitated the spread of olive trees to the New World, with Spanish and Portuguese explorers introducing the crop to the Americas.
The Industrial Revolution:
The Industrial Revolution brought about new technologies for olive oil production. The invention of the hydraulic press in the late 18th century allowed for more efficient extraction of oil from olives, leading to higher yields and better-quality oil. As a result, olive oil became more accessible to a wider population.
The 20th and 21st centuries:
In recent times, the health benefits of olive oil have been widely recognized. Rich in monounsaturated fats and antioxidants, it is considered a staple of the Mediterranean diet, which is associated with lower rates of heart disease and a longer life expectancy. Today, Spain, Italy, and Greece are the leading producers of olive oil, with the global market continuing to expand.
The history of olive oil is deeply intertwined with human civilization. From ancient Mesopotamia to the present day, this versatile and beneficial substance has played a vital role in our lives. As a symbol of peace, prosperity, and good health, olive oil will undoubtedly continue to be an essential element in our culture and cuisine for generations to come.
/ ˌɪn.trə.ˈdʌk.ʃn̩ /
/ ˈɒ.lɪv ɔɪl həz ə ˈlɒŋ ənd ˈstɔː.rɪd pɑːst / ˈdeɪt.ɪŋ ˈbæk ˈθaʊz.n̩dz əv ˈjiəz / ɪts sɪɡ.ˈnɪ.fɪkəns spænz ˈkʌl.tʃəz / ˈkɒn.tɪ.nənts / ənd ˌsɪ.vɪ.laɪ.ˈzeɪʃ.n̩z / əz ən ɪ.ˈsen.ʃl̩ ɪn.ˈɡriː.dɪənt ɪn ˈkʌ.lɪ.nə.ri ˈpræk.tɪ.sɪz / ə sɔːs əv laɪt ənd hiːt / ənd ə ˈsɪm.bl̩ əv piːs ənd prɒ.ˈspe.rɪ.ti / ˈɒ.lɪv ɔɪl həz biːn ˈsen.trəl tə ˈhjuː.mən laɪf sɪns ˈeɪn.ʃənt ˈtaɪmz /
/ ˈɒr.ɪdʒ.ɪnz /
/ ˈɒ.lɪv ɔɪl prə.ˈdʌk.ʃn̩ bɪ.ˈɡæn ə.ˈraʊnd sɪks ˈθaʊz.n̩d biː.siː.ˈiː ɪn ði ˈiː.stən ˌme.dɪ.tə.ˈreɪ.nɪən ˈriː.dʒən / ˈe.vɪ.dəns sə.ˈdʒests ðət ði ˈeɪn.ʃənt ˌsɪ.vɪ.laɪ.ˈzeɪʃ.n̩z əv ˌme.sə.pə.ˈteɪ.miə ənd ˈiː.dʒɪpt wə ˈkʌl.tɪ.veɪt.ɪŋ ˈɒ.lɪv triːz ənd ˈjuːz.ɪŋ ðeər ɔɪl fə ˈveə.rɪəs ˈpɜː.pə.sɪz / ðə fə.ˈniː.ʃənz / ə ˈsiː.feər.ɪŋ ˈpiːp.l̩ frəm ðə ˈriː.dʒən ðət s naʊ ˈle.bə.nən / ˈpleɪd ə ˈkrɪ.tɪk.l̩ rəʊl ɪn ˈspred.ɪŋ ˈɒ.lɪv ˌkʌl.tɪ.ˈveɪʃ.n̩ θruː.ˈaʊt ðə ˌme.dɪ.tə.ˈreɪ.nɪən /
/ ðə ˈɡriːks ənd ˈrəʊ.mənz /
/ ðə ˈɡriːks ənd ˈrəʊ.mənz ˈtʃe.rɪʃt ˈɒ.lɪv ɔɪl fər ɪts ˌvɜː.sə.ˈtɪ.lɪ.ti / ˈɪt wəz juːst ɪn ˈkʊkɪŋ / əz ə ˈfjuːəl fə læmps / fə mɪ.ˈdɪ.snəl ˈpɜː.pə.sɪz / ənd əz ə ˈbjuː.ti ˈprɒ.dʌkt / ˈɒ.lɪv ɔɪl wəz ˈsəʊ ɪm.ˈpɔːtnt tə ði ˈeɪn.ʃənt ˈɡriːks ðət ˈðeɪ kən.ˈsɪ.dəd ði ˈɒ.lɪv triː ə ɡɪft frəm ðə ˈɡɒ.dɪs ə.ˈθiː.nə / ðə ˈrəʊ.mənz / tuː / ˈkʌl.tɪ.veɪ.tɪd vɑːst ˈɒ.lɪv ɡrəʊvz ənd dɪ.ˈve.ləpt əd.ˈvɑːnst tek.ˈniːks fə prə.ˈdjuːs.ɪŋ ənd ˈstɔːr.ɪŋ ˈɒ.lɪv ɔɪl /
/ ðə ˈmɪd.l̩ ˈeɪ.dʒɪz ənd ði ɪz.ˈlæ.mɪk ˈɡəʊl.dən eɪdʒ /
/ ˈdjʊər.ɪŋ ðə ˈmɪd.l̩ ˈeɪ.dʒɪz / ˈɒ.lɪv ɔɪl wəz ə ˈvæ.ljʊəb.l̩ treɪd kə.ˈmɒ.dɪ.ti ɪn ðə ˌme.dɪ.tə.ˈreɪ.nɪən / ənd ðə ˌkʌl.tɪ.ˈveɪʃ.n̩ əv ˈɒ.lɪv triːz ɪk.ˈspæn.dɪd ˈɪn.tə speɪn / ˈɪ.tə.li / ənd nɔːθ ˈæ.frɪk.ə / ði ɪz.ˈlæ.mɪk ˈɡəʊl.dən eɪdʒ ˈbrɔːt ə.ˈbaʊt ˈfɜː.ðər əd.ˈvɑːn.smənts ɪn ˈɒ.lɪv ɔɪl prə.ˈdʌk.ʃn̩ / əz ˈær.əb ˈskɒ.ləz ˈstʌ.dɪd ənd ɪm.ˈpruːvd ə.ˈpɒn ðə tek.ˈniːks ˈjuːzd baɪ ðə ˈɡriːks ənd ˈrəʊ.mənz /
/ ðə rɪ.ˈneɪsns ənd ði eɪdʒ əv ˌek.splə.ˈreɪʃ.n̩ /
/ əz ðə rɪ.ˈneɪsns swept θruː ˈjʊə.rəp / ðə dɪ.ˈmɑːnd fər ˈɒ.lɪv ɔɪl kən.ˈtɪ.njuːd tə ɡrəʊ / ði eɪdʒ əv ˌek.splə.ˈreɪʃ.n̩ fə.ˈsɪ.lɪ.teɪ.tɪd ðə spred əv ˈɒ.lɪv triːz tə ðə njuː wɜːld / wɪð ˈspæ.nɪʃ ənd ˌpɔː.tʃʊ.ˈɡiːz ɪk.ˈsplɔː.rəz ˌɪn.trə.ˈdjuːs.ɪŋ ðə krɒp tə ði ə.ˈmer.ɪk.əz /
/ ði ɪn.ˈdʌ.strɪəl ˌre.və.ˈluːʃ.n̩ /
/ ði ɪn.ˈdʌ.strɪəl ˌre.və.ˈluːʃ.n̩ ˈbrɔːt ə.ˈbaʊt njuː tek.ˈnɒ.lə.dʒɪz fər ˈɒ.lɪv ɔɪl prə.ˈdʌk.ʃn̩ / ði ɪn.ˈven.ʃn̩ əv ðə haɪ.ˈdrɔː.lɪk pres ɪn ðə leɪt ˌeɪ.ˈtiːnθ ˈsen.tʃə.ri ə.ˈlaʊd fə mɔːr ɪ.ˈfɪʃnt ɪk.ˈstræk.ʃn̩ əv ɔɪl frəm ˈɒ.lɪvz / ˈliːd.ɪŋ tə ˈhaɪə jiːldz ənd ˈbe.tə ˈkwɒ.lɪ.ti ɔɪl / əz ə rɪ.ˈzʌlt / ˈɒ.lɪv ɔɪl bɪˈk.eɪm mɔːr ək.ˈse.səb.l̩ tu ə ˈwaɪ.də ˌpɒ.pjʊ.ˈleɪʃ.n̩ /
/ ðə ˈtwen.tɪəθ ənd ˈtwen.ti ˈfɜːst ˈsen.tʃə.rɪz /
/ ɪn ˈriːsnt ˈtaɪmz / ðə helθ ˈbe.nɪ.fɪts əv ˈɒ.lɪv ɔɪl həv biːn ˈwaɪd.li ˈrek.əɡ.naɪzd / rɪtʃ ɪn ˌmɒ.nəʊ.ən.ˈsæ.tʃə.reɪ.tɪd fæts ənd ˌæn.ti.ˈɒk.sɪ.dənts / ˈɪt s kən.ˈsɪ.dəd ə ˈsteɪp.l̩ əv ðə ˌme.dɪ.tə.ˈreɪ.nɪən ˈdaɪət / wɪtʃ ɪz ə.ˈsəʊ.ʃieɪ.tɪd wɪð ˈləʊ.ə reɪts əv hɑːt dɪ.ˈziːz ənd ə ˈlɒŋ.ɡə laɪf ɪk.ˈspek.tən.si / tə.ˈdeɪ / speɪn / ˈɪ.tə.li / ənd ˈɡriːs ə ðə ˈliːd.ɪŋ prə.ˈdjuː.səz əv ˈɒ.lɪv ɔɪl / wɪð ðə ˈɡləʊb.l̩ ˈmɑːkɪt kən.ˈtɪ.njuːɪŋ tu ɪk.ˈspænd /
/ kən.ˈkluːʒ.n̩ /
/ ðə ˈhɪ.str̩i əv ˈɒ.lɪv ɔɪl z ˈdiː.pli ˌɪn.tə.ˈtwaɪnd wɪð ˈhjuː.mən ˌsɪ.vɪ.laɪ.ˈzeɪʃ.n̩ / frəm ˈeɪn.ʃənt ˌme.sə.pə.ˈteɪ.miə tə ðə prɪ.ˈzent ˈdeɪ / ðɪs ˈvɜː.sə.taɪl ənd ˌbe.nɪ.ˈfɪʃ.l̩ ˈsʌb.stəns həz ˈpleɪd ə ˈvaɪt.l̩ rəʊl ɪn ˈaʊə laɪvz / əz ə ˈsɪm.bl̩ əv piːs / prɒ.ˈspe.rɪ.ti / ənd ɡʊd helθ / ˈɒ.lɪv ɔɪl wl̩ ʌn.ˈdaʊ.tɪd.li kən.ˈtɪ.njuː tə bi ən ɪ.ˈsen.ʃl̩ ˈel.ɪ.mənt ɪn ˈaʊə ˈkʌl.tʃər ənd kwɪ.ˈziːn fə ˌdʒen.ə.ˈreɪʃ.n̩z tə ˈkʌm /
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