Britlish

Weather English - Wind

Vocabulary | Listenings

Vocabulary

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Listenings

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Have you ever wondered how to talk about the wind? If you have, then this English Activation Pack is for you. Activating your English Skills. Wind is a very important feature of the weather. Wind is so important that it has its own measurement system, the Beaufort Scale. The Beaufort scale runs from 0 to 12. This English Activation Pack gives you all the language you need to talk about windy weather.  

Windy Weather Weather English Windy Weather Have you ever wondered how to talk about the wind? If you have, then this English Activation Pack is for you. Activating your English Skills. Beaufort Scale Wind is a very important feature of the weather. Wind is so important that it has its own measurement system, the Beaufort Scale. The Beaufort Scale runs from 0 to 12. Beaufort Zero Zero on the Beaufort Scale is when the wind speed is less than 1 kph. The Beaufort Scale describes this as calm, and most people would say it was a windless day. If you were near of the sea or any body of water, the surface would be perfectly flat, like a mirror. Smoke would rise vertically, unaffected by any air movement. Beaufort One One on the Beaufort Scale is when the wind speed is between one and 5 kph. The Beaufort Scale describes this as light air, and many people might say it was a still day. Smoke would move gently in the direction of the wind, but the wind would not be strong enough to move a wind vane. Water would have gentle ripples on the surface. Beaufort Two Two on the Beaufort Scale is when the wind speed is between six and 11 kph. The Beaufort Scale describes this as a light breeze, and many people would also use the term light breeze to describe such a day. At two on the Beaufort Scale wind vanes will point towards the direction of the wind, and leaves on the trees would rustle. You would feel the wind on your face. Beaufort Three Three on the Beaufort Scale is when the wind speed is between 12 and 19 kph. The Beaufort Scale describes this as a gentle breeze, and most people would also use the term gentle breeze to describe such a day. At three on the Beaufort Scale you would see the leaves of trees and small twigs in constant motion. A gentle breeze could extend a light flag. Beaufort Four Four on the Beaufort Scale is when the wind speed is between 20 and 28 kph. The Beaufort Scale describes this as a moderate breeze, and most people would also use the term moderate breeze or quite breezy to describe such a day. Moderate breeze is able to raise dust from the floor and the small branches of trees would be in motion. Beaufort Five Five on the Beaufort Scale is when the wind speed is between 29 and 38 kph. The Beaufort Scale describes this as a fresh breeze, and most people would say that the day was blustery or windy. In a fresh breeze small leafy trees would begin to sway. Beaufort Six Six on the Beaufort Scale is when the wind speed is between 39 and 49 kph. The Beaufort Scale describes this as a strong breeze, and most people would say the day was quite windy. You would have difficulty using your umbrella in a strong breeze, and you would hear the wind whistling through overhead wires.  Large branches of trees would be moving. Beaufort Seven When we reach seven on the Beaufort Scale winds are blowing at 50 to 61 kph. The Beaufort Scale describes this as a high wind, a moderate gale, or a near gale. Most people would consider this to be very windy. Whole trees would begin to move, and people would have difficulty walking against the wind. Beaufort Eight At eight on the Beaufort Scale the wind speed is between 62 and 74 kph. The Beaufort Scale describes this as a gale, or a fresh gale. Most people would also call this a gale. With this level of wind, leaves and twigs will be ripped from the trees and walking would become rather difficult. Beaufort Nine At nine on the Beaufort Scale the wind speed is between 75 and 88 kph. While the Beaufort Scale describes this as a strong or severe gale, most people would say that it was a howling wind, or a gale. At these wind speeds roof tiles can be blown off and other structural damage caused. Beaufort Ten At 10 on the Beaufort Scale wind speeds are between 89 and 102 kph. Most people would consider these wind speeds to be a storm and some may even consider them to be a hurricane, though the Beaufort Scale describes them as a whole gale. Fortunately, these kind of wind speeds are extremely rare, but when they do happen, they can be very frightening. Trees will be blown over and a great deal of damage will be done to buildings. Beaufort Eleven A violent storm is at Beaufort Scale 11 and wind speeds are between 103 and 117 kph. These wind speeds are, fortunately, unlikely to be encountered by most people. Beaufort Twelve Anything above 118 kph are hurricane force winds at level 12 on the Beaufort Scale. These types of winds are absolutely devastating. Wind Direction North, South, East, West Weather Vanes Wind direction is traditionally shown using a weather vane. A weather vane is often in the shape of a rooster, though other creatures, arrows, ships, and even people are common, too. The weather vane sits on a spindle on top of pointers showing the four points of the compass. The four points of the compass are north, south, east, and west. These cardinal points are important when talking about the wind, as we will see. Cardinal Points The four cardinal points of the compass are north (N), south (S), east (E), and west (W). The cardinal points are further divided into four intercardinal, or ordinal, directions. The ordinal directions are northeast (NE), southeast (SE), southwest (SW), and northwest (NW). Weather forecasters further subdivide the compass points between the cardinal and ordinal points, giving 16 compass points in all. Wind Direction Reporting Winds are named after the direction from which they come. We follow the cardinal, ordinal, or inter-cardinal/ordinal points with the suffix erly. A wind blowing from the north (N) would be called a northerly wind. A wind blowing from the south (S) would be called a southerly wind. A wind blowing from the north north east (NNE) would be a north north easterly wind.  

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