This Week - Next Week - Last Week

Vocabulary | English in Use | Pronunciation


Did you know that there are over 600,000 words in English? That's a lot of words, and far more than any human being could ever manage to learn. Even Shakespeare only used around 55,000 different words in all of his works. Mind you, he did actually invent quite a few of them. To get a good mastery of English, you do need to expand your vocabulary as much as possible. The more words you know, the better your English will be. The Activities here will help you to quickly develop your vocabulary.

English in Use

The Activities categorised as English in Use look at the way we use English in everyday life. The Activities cover the actual use of English and examine grammar, punctuation, and functionality of the language. For any student studying English as a second language or English as a foreign language, English in Use Activities are particularly useful for improving speaking, writing, reading, and listening skills. These Activities will help you to develop your confidence in using different types of text such as fiction, newspapers and magazines, as well as learning to speak and write about things such as the weather and travel, as well as preparing you for typical situations such as ordering in a restaurant or buying a train ticket.


No matter how good your English grammar and vocabulary may be, if your pronunciation is so bad that nobody can understand a word you say, then your English won't be much good as a means of communication. You might be good at grammar, have a broad vocabulary, and be able to explain all the aspects and tenses of English, but it's not much good if you can't be understood when you speak. I have designed these Activities to help you to improve your pronunciation, as well as other areas of your English.

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Do you ever have problems specifying dates in English? This lesson will help put an end to any such issues. I’ll talk you through the way we specify future and past dates in English. I’ll give you some practice with choosing the best way to specify what date you want to talk about. I’ll show you how we reduce complex consonant clusters which form between words in speech segments.


Past months are months that end before the start of the current month. If something happened X months ago, it happened X number of months before the current date, assuming a month to be 30 days. | This is used approximately as it is not very precise. | Christmas was seven-and-a-half months ago. We can also use X years ago in the same way. The month before last was the month that began before the end of last month. | I haven't worked since the month before last. We can also use the year before last in the same way. Last month was the month that ended before midnight on the first day of the current month. | I was on holiday most of last month. We can also use last year in a similar way. A week begins on a Monday and ends on a Sunday. | Past weeks are any week that ended on the closest Sunday before the current day. The week before last is the week that ended on the Sunday before last week began. | We last went to the cinema the week before last. Last week is the week that started on the Monday and finished 7 days later on the Sunday before the present day. | I haven't seen him since last week. The past includes anything which has happened up until the present moment. | The past stretches into infinity away from the present. If something happened a week ago, it happened 7 days before the current date. | I bought it a week ago. You can use approximation, too: about a week ago, just over a week ago... | We can also use a year ago, a month ago. The Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, etc., just gone refers to the nearest day to today in the past. | I went there the Friday just gone. We can use this structure to talk about months, years, and seasons, too. The other day is used to refer to a recent day in the past when we forget the exact day. | It can be any day less than about a week before the current day, as long as it is in the recent past. | You'll never guess who I saw the other day. Last Monday, last Tuesday, etc., refer to days in the previous week. | We were there last Saturday. Something that happened yesterday happened some time between the first hour of today and 24 hours before that. | I didn't do anything yesterday. We live in the present and any references to the future or the past must be related to the present. | We talk about now to talk about the present. | I'm writing this right now. | If we talk about the day we are living in at the moment, we talk about today. | I'll get it finished today. This week refers to the current week from the Monday to Sunday. | I'll see you later this week. This month refers to the current month from the 1st of the month to the last day of the month. | The shops are having sales this month. This year refers to any date from the 1st of January until the 31st December of the current year. | I'm not going on holiday this year. The future includes anything which will happen after the present moment. | The future stretches into infinity away from the present. Tomorrow is the day that begins from midnight tonight and ends 24 hours later. | We can talk about tomorrow morning, tomorrow afternoon, tomorrow evening, tomorrow night. | I'm going to the cinema tomorrow night. The day after tomorrow is the day that begins from midnight tomorrow and ends 24 hours later. | We usually just talk about the day after tomorrow. | I've got an appointment the day after tomorrow. This coming Monday, this coming Tuesday, etc., refer to the next day with that name, whether in this week or the next. This coming Xday cannot be more than 7 days in the future. | I'll see you this coming Tuesday. This Monday, this Tuesday, etc., refer to days in the current week. | I'll see you this Saturday. Next Monday, Next Tuesday, etc., refer to days in the week that begins on the next Monday after today. | I'll see you next Saturday. When we talk about a period beyond the day after tomorrow, we talk about in X days' time. | I'm going to London in two days' time. Sometimes we need to talk about weeks not days in the future. | There are some expressions that we can use. Next week refers to the week that begins on the Monday after the current week ends on this Sunday. | I'll see you next week. If you want to talk about the week that begins after the week which starts on the coming Monday and ends 7 days later, you use the week after next. | We won't be home until the week after next. Future months are months that start after the end of the current month. Next month is the month that begins after midnight on the last day of the current month. | We're getting married next month. The month after next is the month that begins after the end of next month. | I start my new job the month after next. If something is going to happen in X months' time, it will be that number of months after the current date, assuming a month to be 30 days. | This is used approximately as it is not very precise. | Christmas is in four-and-a-half months' time. 

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