Orientation of Things

Vocabulary | Grammar | Phrasal Verbs

Vocabulary

Did you know that there are over 600,000 words in English? That's a lot of words, and far more than any human being could ever manage to learn. Even Shakespeare only used around 55,000 different words in all of his works. Mind you, he did actually invent quite a few of them. To get a good mastery of English, you do need to expand your vocabulary as much as possible. The more words you know, the better your English will be. The Activities here will help you to quickly develop your vocabulary.

Grammar

Improve your understanding of English grammar with our comprehensive activities. From aspects and tenses to sentence structures, our activities cover all aspects of English grammar. These activities are suitable for students of English as a second or foreign language and are designed to help improve speaking, writing, reading, and listening skills. Learn about the structure of words, phrases, clauses, sentences, and entire texts, as well as the eight parts of speech in English: nouns, determiners, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, and conjunctions. Our activities will help you master the complexities of English grammar and take your language proficiency to the next level. Start mastering English grammar today with our comprehensive activities.  

Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs are a crucial aspect of the English language and are essential for achieving fluency. These Britlish Library Activities are designed to make learning, remembering, and using phrasal verbs as effortless and enjoyable as possible. Native English speakers frequently use phrasal verbs in their speech, so it's important for students to understand their meaning and use them in their own speech to sound more natural and like a native speaker. By working through these activities, you will strengthen your grasp of phrasal verbs and improve your overall English language skills.

Prepositions

Prepositions are an essential part of the English language, as they help to convey the time and place of events in relation to others. However, learning prepositions can be a challenge for many students of English, as they often have few rules to follow. These Britlish Library Activities have been created to make learning and memorizing prepositions as easy and enjoyable as possible. Additionally, the Activities will also focus on the use of prepositions in phrasal verbs, which are equally important in achieving fluency in English. With interactive exercises and a focus on the most common prepositions, these Activities will help to improve your understanding and use of prepositions in English.

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There are several fixed expressions using prepositions in English with which we talk about the orientation of things. If you have ever put on a jumper to find that the front is on your back and the back is on your front, or the inside is showing and the outside is hidden, then these expressions are important for you. In this lesson you will learn about inside out, back to front, upside down, the right way up, and the wrong way up. You will also learn the vocabulary: artist, button, conform, design, expose, fasten, hang on wall, point out, printed, rough, seam, smooth, and tailored.

The inside of an object is the side that is not supposed to be exposed to the world. Typically for a t-shirt, for instance, the inside will not have a design printed on it. The seams of the t-shirt will be rough and unfinished on the inside as they are not meant to be seen. The outside of an object is the side that we are expected to see. The outside is the side of a t-shirt that will have the design printed on it. The seams will be smooth and nicely finished, as they, too, are meant to be seen. Thus, to say that you are wearing a t-shirt inside out is to say that you have managed to put it on with the outside against your body and with the inside showing to the world. Interestingly, we never say outside in. Our clothing normally conforms to the shape of our bodies, and our bodies have different shapes to the front and to the back. Likewise, clothing such as t-shirts, trousers, and dresses are tailored to fit the shape of the body at the front and at the back. If you put a shirt on back to front, then the buttons that would normally be down the front of the shirt would be down the back and impossible for most people to fasten. Few people make the mistake of putting a shirt on back to front, but with t-shirts, skirts, and other items of clothing, such a mistake is quite common. Normally, you will immediately feel that your clothing is on back to front and correct it, but it may not always be the case and someone else may have to point out your mistake. The upside of an object is the part that is designed to be at the top. With many objects, such as bottles, glasses, plates, and t-shirts, it is easy to see which part is supposed to be at the top. For objects like these, they do not work well if they are upside down. Other objects, however, are more difficult to place the right way up. Modern art paintings might be very difficult to put the right way up when hung on the wall, and only the artists themselves might be able to say that they are upside down, and even then, they might not know which was truly the right way up. While everyone has put their t-shirt on inside out or back to front, I doubt whether anybody has ever tried to put a t-shirt on upside down as such clothing would obviously be the wrong way up.

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