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The Britlish Library dictation exercises are an excellent tool for students of English who want to improve their listening and writing skills. These exercises provide audio files of varying difficulty levels, allowing students to practice at their own pace and challenge themselves as they progress. The audio files cover a range of different topics, from everyday conversations to more specialized vocabulary and expressions, giving students exposure to a wide range of language usage. Additionally, the exercises come with detailed transcripts and explanations, allowing students to check their work and learn from any mistakes they make. Overall, the Britlish Library dictation exercises are a valuable resource for any student of English who wants to improve their language skills through focused listening and writing practice.
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Did you know that there are over 600,000 words in English? That's a lot of words, and far more than any human being could ever manage to learn. Even Shakespeare only used around 55,000 different words in all of his works. Mind you, he did actually invent quite a few of them. To get a good mastery of English, you do need to expand your vocabulary as much as possible. The more words you know, the better your English will be. The Activities here will help you to quickly develop your vocabulary.
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The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an essential tool for any student or teacher of the English language. Developed in the 19th century, the IPA provides a standardized way to represent the sounds of speech in written form. The British English IPA chart includes 44 symbols that represent the monophthongs, diphthongs, and consonant sounds of spoken British English. The Britlish Library offers a wide range of activities to help you master the British English IPA symbols, improve your pronunciation, and take your English language skills to the next level. Whether you're a student or a teacher, our activities are designed to help you learn, remember, and effectively use the IPA in your English language studies.
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Are you looking to improve your listening and writing skills while learning more about the captivating topic of British apple diversity? Our sentence dictation exercise provides the perfect opportunity for you to do just that! In this exercise, you'll listen to sentences taken from our article on the history, decline, and preservation of apple varieties in the UK. Your challenge is to transcribe the sentences accurately as you hear them. This engaging activity will not only sharpen your listening and writing abilities but also reinforce your knowledge of the subject matter. So, plug in your headphones, grab a pen and paper, and let's get started with this enriching exercise!
The article explores the rich history and decline of apple diversity in Britain, highlighting the fact that the country once boasted over 2,000 apple varieties. The decline in diversity has been attributed to industrialization, commercialization, shifting consumer preferences, and the loss of traditional orchards. Efforts to preserve Britain's apple heritage have emerged, including the establishment of apple conservation programs, community orchards, consumer awareness campaigns, and the involvement of horticultural societies and gardening clubs. These initiatives aim to maintain a connection to the past, preserve cultural heritage, and promote a sustainable and diverse agricultural future.
In the world of fruits, apples hold a special place in Britain's history, culture, and culinary tradition. However, over the years, apple diversity in the UK has dwindled dramatically, and we are now left with only a handful of commercial varieties. In this article, we will explore the rich history of British apples, the reasons behind the decline in diversity, and the efforts being made to preserve these cherished local varieties.
Apples have been a staple in the British diet since the Roman era, with a myriad of native and imported varieties flourishing in the country's temperate climate. At its peak in the 19th century, Britain boasted over 2,000 varieties of apples, each with their unique tastes, textures, and culinary uses. Many of these varieties were region-specific, and the local production of apples played an essential role in the regional culture and economy.
Over the last century, however, the diversity of apple varieties in Britain has witnessed a sharp decline. Today, a mere handful of commercial varieties, such as the Granny Smith, Gala, and Braeburn, dominate the market. This reduction in diversity can be attributed to several factors:
Industrialization and commercialization: With the rise of large-scale commercial agriculture, mass-produced apple varieties gained prominence. These commercial varieties were chosen for their long shelf-life, uniform appearance, and ease of transport, rather than their taste and regional relevance.
Shift in consumer preferences: As consumers became more focused on convenience and uniformity, the demand for regional and unique varieties waned. The consistent appearance of commercial varieties and their year-round availability further contributed to this shift in preferences.
Decline of traditional orchards: The loss of traditional, small-scale orchards, often maintained by families or communities, led to a decline in the cultivation of heritage apple varieties. This was further exacerbated by the conversion of agricultural land to urban areas and the increasing costs of maintaining orchards.
Concerned by the rapid decline in apple diversity, various organizations and individuals have taken up the mantle of preserving Britain's apple heritage. These initiatives include:
Apple conservation programs: Organizations like the National Fruit Collection at Brogdale and the Heritage Orchard Trust maintain extensive collections of heritage apple varieties. These organizations work towards conserving, researching, and promoting these rare and valuable varieties.
Community orchards: Local communities are increasingly establishing community orchards, which serve as hubs for growing and sharing heritage apple varieties. These orchards help in preserving and reviving the cultivation of local apple varieties and fostering a sense of pride in regional produce.
Consumer awareness: Efforts to increase consumer awareness about the importance of preserving apple diversity are crucial. By choosing locally sourced, heritage apples and supporting local growers, consumers can play a pivotal role in ensuring the survival of these diverse apple varieties.
Horticultural societies and gardening clubs: These groups help spread knowledge about growing and maintaining heritage apple varieties, encouraging gardeners to cultivate them in their own gardens and allotments.
The loss of apple diversity in Britain is a tale tinged with nostalgia and concern for our environment and cultural heritage. The efforts to preserve and revive the rich variety of apples that once graced British orchards are vital in maintaining a connection to our past and promoting a sustainable and diverse agricultural future. By supporting these initiatives, we can ensure that future generations continue to enjoy the unique flavours, textures, and culinary traditions that are a testament to Britain's apple heritage.
/ ɪn ðə wɜːld əv fruːts / ˈæp.l̩z həʊld ə ˈspeʃ.l̩ ˈpleɪs ɪn ˈbrɪ.tənz ˈhɪ.str̩i / ˈkʌl.tʃə / ənd ˈkʌ.lɪ.nə.ri trə.ˈdɪʃ.n̩ / haʊ.ˈe.və / ˈəʊv.ə ðə ˈjiəz / ˈæp.l̩ daɪ.ˈvɜː.sɪ.ti ɪn ðə ˌjuːˈk.eɪ həz ˈdwɪn.dl̩d drə.ˈmæ.tɪk.l̩i / ənd wi ə naʊ left wɪð ˈəʊn.li ə ˈhænd.fʊl əv kə.ˈmɜːʃ.l̩ və.ˈraɪə.tɪz / ɪn ðɪs ˈɑː.tɪk.l̩ / wi wl̩ ɪk.ˈsplɔː ðə rɪtʃ ˈhɪ.str̩i əv ˈbrɪ.tɪʃ ˈæp.l̩z / ðə ˈriː.zənz bɪ.ˈhaɪnd ðə dɪ.ˈklaɪn ɪn daɪ.ˈvɜː.sɪ.ti / ənd ði ˈe.fəts ˈbiːɪŋ ˈmeɪd tə prɪ.ˈzɜːv ðiːz ˈtʃe.rɪʃt ˈləʊk.l̩ və.ˈraɪə.tɪz /
/ ˈæp.l̩z həv biːn ə ˈsteɪp.l̩ ɪn ðə ˈbrɪ.tɪʃ ˈdaɪət sɪns ðə ˈrəʊ.mən ˈɪə.rə / wɪð ə ˈmɪr.ɪ.əd əv ˈneɪ.tɪv ənd ɪm.ˈpɔː.tɪd və.ˈraɪə.tɪz ˈflʌ.rɪʃ.ɪŋ ɪn ðə ˈkʌntr.iz ˈtem.pə.rət ˈklaɪ.mət / ət ɪts piːk ɪn ðə ˌnaɪn.ˈtiːnθ ˈsen.tʃə.ri / ˈbrɪt.n̩ ˈbəʊ.stɪd ˈəʊv.ə ˈtuː / ˈzɪə.rəʊ və.ˈraɪə.tɪz əv ˈæp.l̩z / iːtʃ wɪð ðeə juː.ˈniːk teɪsts / ˈteks.tʃəz / ənd ˈkʌ.lɪ.nə.ri ˈjuːs.ɪz / ˈmen.i əv ðiːz və.ˈraɪə.tɪz wə ˈriː.dʒən spə.ˈsɪ.fɪk / ənd ðə ˈləʊk.l̩ prə.ˈdʌk.ʃn̩ əv ˈæp.l̩z ˈpleɪd ən ɪ.ˈsen.ʃl̩ rəʊl ɪn ðə ˈriː.dʒən.l̩ ˈkʌl.tʃər ənd ɪˈk.ɒ.nə.mi /
/ ˈəʊv.ə ðə lɑːst ˈsen.tʃə.ri / haʊ.ˈe.və / ðə daɪ.ˈvɜː.sɪ.ti əv ˈæp.l̩ və.ˈraɪə.tɪz ɪn ˈbrɪt.n̩ həz ˈwɪt.nəst ə ʃɑːp dɪ.ˈklaɪn / tə.ˈdeɪ / ə mɪə ˈhænd.fʊl əv kə.ˈmɜːʃ.l̩ və.ˈraɪə.tɪz / sʌtʃ əz ðə ˈɡræ.ni smɪθ / ˈɡɑː.lə / ənd ˈbreɪ.bɜːn / ˈdɒ.mɪ.neɪt ðə ˈmɑːkɪt / ðɪs rɪ.ˈdʌk.ʃn̩ ɪn daɪ.ˈvɜː.sɪ.ti kən bi ə.ˈtrɪ.bjʊ.tɪd tə ˈse.vrəl ˈfæk.təz /
/ ɪn.ˌdʌ.strɪə.laɪ.ˈzeɪʃ.n̩ ənd kə.ˌmərʃ.ə.lə.ˈzeɪ.ʃən / wɪð ðə raɪz əv ˈlɑːdʒ skeɪl kə.ˈmɜːʃ.l̩ ˈæ.ɡrɪˌk.ʌl.tʃə / ˌmæs prə.ˈdjuːst ˈæp.l̩ və.ˈraɪə.tɪz ɡeɪnd ˈprɒ.mɪ.nəns / ðiːz kə.ˈmɜːʃ.l̩ və.ˈraɪə.tɪz wə ˈtʃəʊ.zən fə ðeə ˈlɒŋ ˈʃelf.laɪf / ˈjuː.nɪ.fɔːm ə.ˈpɪə.rəns / ənd iːz əv træns.ˈpɔːt / ˈrɑː.ðə ðən ðeə teɪst ənd ˈriː.dʒən.l̩ ˈre.lə.vəns /
/ ʃɪft ɪn kən.ˈsjuː.mə ˈpre.frən.sɪz / əz kən.ˈsjuː.məz bɪˈk.eɪm mɔː ˈfəʊkəst ɒn kən.ˈviː.nɪəns ənd ˌjuː.nɪ.ˈfɔː.mɪ.ti / ðə dɪ.ˈmɑːnd fə ˈriː.dʒən.l̩ ənd juː.ˈniːk və.ˈraɪə.tɪz weɪnd / ðə kən.ˈsɪ.stənt ə.ˈpɪə.rəns əv kə.ˈmɜːʃ.l̩ və.ˈraɪə.tɪz ənd ðeə ˈjiə.ˈraʊnd ə.ˌveɪ.lə.ˈbɪ.lə.ti ˈfɜː.ðə kən.ˈtrɪ.bjuː.tɪd tə ðɪs ʃɪft ɪn ˈpre.frən.sɪz /
/ dɪ.ˈklaɪn əv trə.ˈdɪʃ.n̩əl ˈɔː.tʃədz / ðə lɒs əv trə.ˈdɪʃ.n̩əl / ˈsmɔːl.skeɪl ˈɔː.tʃədz / ˈɒf.n̩ meɪn.ˈteɪnd baɪ ˈfæm.liz ɔː kə.ˈmjuː.nɪ.tɪz / led tu ə dɪ.ˈklaɪn ɪn ðə ˌkʌl.tɪ.ˈveɪʃ.n̩ əv ˈhe.rɪ.tɪdʒ ˈæp.l̩ və.ˈraɪə.tɪz / ðɪs wəz ˈfɜː.ðər ɪɡ.ˈzæ.sə.beɪ.tɪd baɪ ðə kən.ˈvɜːʃ.n̩ əv ˌæ.ɡrɪˈk.ʌlt.ʃrəl lænd tu ˈɜː.bən ˈeə.riəz ənd ði ɪn.ˈkriːs.ɪŋ kɒsts əv meɪn.ˈteɪn.ɪŋ ˈɔː.tʃədz /
/ kən.ˈsɜːnd baɪ ðə ˈræ.pɪd dɪ.ˈklaɪn ɪn ˈæp.l̩ daɪ.ˈvɜː.sɪ.ti / ˈveə.rɪəs ˌɔː.ɡə.naɪ.ˈzeɪʃ.n̩z ənd ˌɪn.dɪ.ˈvɪ.dʒʊəlz həv ˈteɪk.ən ʌp ðə ˈmæn.tl̩ əv prɪ.ˈzɜːv.ɪŋ ˈbrɪ.tənz ˈæp.l̩ ˈhe.rɪ.tɪdʒ / ðiːz ɪ.ˈnɪ.ʃə.tɪvz ɪn.ˈkluːd /
/ ˈæp.l̩ ˌkɒn.sə.ˈveɪʃ.n̩ ˈprəʊ.ɡræmz / ˌɔː.ɡə.naɪ.ˈzeɪʃ.n̩z ˈlaɪk ðə ˈnæ.ʃnəl fruːt kə.ˈlek.ʃn̩ ət ˈbrɒɡ.deɪl ənd ðə ˈhe.rɪ.tɪdʒ ˈɔː.tʃəd trʌst meɪn.ˈteɪn ɪk.ˈsten.sɪv kə.ˈlek.ʃn̩z əv ˈhe.rɪ.tɪdʒ ˈæp.l̩ və.ˈraɪə.tɪz / ðiːz ˌɔː.ɡə.naɪ.ˈzeɪʃ.n̩z ˈwɜːk tə.ˈwɔːdz kən.ˈsɜːv.ɪŋ / rɪ.ˈsɜːtʃ.ɪŋ / ənd prə.ˈməʊt.ɪŋ ðiːz reər ənd ˈvæ.ljʊəb.l̩ və.ˈraɪə.tɪz /
/ kə.ˈmjuː.nɪ.ti ˈɔː.tʃədz / ˈləʊk.l̩ kə.ˈmjuː.nɪ.tɪz ər ɪn.ˈkriː.sɪŋ.li ɪ.ˈstæ.blɪʃ.ɪŋ kə.ˈmjuː.nɪ.ti ˈɔː.tʃədz / wɪtʃ sɜːv əz hʌbz fə ˈɡrəʊɪŋ ənd ˈʃeər.ɪŋ ˈhe.rɪ.tɪdʒ ˈæp.l̩ və.ˈraɪə.tɪz / ðiːz ˈɔː.tʃədz help ɪn prɪ.ˈzɜːv.ɪŋ ənd rɪ.ˈvaɪv.ɪŋ ðə ˌkʌl.tɪ.ˈveɪʃ.n̩ əv ˈləʊk.l̩ ˈæp.l̩ və.ˈraɪə.tɪz ənd ˈfɒ.stər.ɪŋ ə sens əv praɪd ɪn ˈriː.dʒən.l̩ prə.ˈdjuːs /
/ kən.ˈsjuː.mər ə.ˈweə.nəs / ˈe.fəts tu ɪn.ˈkriːs kən.ˈsjuː.mər ə.ˈweə.nəs ə.ˈbaʊt ði ɪm.ˈpɔːtns əv prɪ.ˈzɜːv.ɪŋ ˈæp.l̩ daɪ.ˈvɜː.sɪ.ti ə ˈkruːʃ.l̩ / baɪ ˈtʃuːz.ɪŋ ˈləʊk.l̩.i sɔːst / ˈhe.rɪ.tɪdʒ ˈæp.l̩z ənd sə.ˈpɔːt.ɪŋ ˈləʊk.l̩ ˈɡrəʊəz / kən.ˈsjuː.məz kən ˈpleɪ ə ˈpɪ.və.təl rəʊl ɪn ɪn.ˈʃʊər.ɪŋ ðə sə.ˈvaɪv.l̩ əv ðiːz daɪ.ˈvɜːs ˈæp.l̩ və.ˈraɪə.tɪz /
/ ˌhɔː.tɪˈk.ʌl.tʃə.rəl sə.ˈsaɪə.tɪz ənd ˈɡɑːd.n̩.ɪŋ klʌbz / ðiːz ɡruːps help spred ˈnɒl.ɪdʒ ə.ˈbaʊt ˈɡrəʊɪŋ ənd meɪn.ˈteɪn.ɪŋ ˈhe.rɪ.tɪdʒ ˈæp.l̩ və.ˈraɪə.tɪz / ɪnˈk.ʌ.rɪdʒ.ɪŋ ˈɡɑːd.nəz tə ˈkʌl.tɪ.veɪt ðəm ɪn ðeər əʊn ˈɡɑːd.n̩z ənd ə.ˈlɒt.mənts /
/ ðə lɒs əv ˈæp.l̩ daɪ.ˈvɜː.sɪ.ti ɪn ˈbrɪt.n̩ z ə teɪl tɪndʒd wɪð nɒ.ˈstæl.dʒə ənd kən.ˈsɜːn fə ˈaʊər ɪn.ˈvaɪə.rən.mənt ənd ˈkʌl.tʃə.rəl ˈhe.rɪ.tɪdʒ / ði ˈe.fəts tə prɪ.ˈzɜːv ənd rɪ.ˈvaɪv ðə rɪtʃ və.ˈraɪə.ti əv ˈæp.l̩z ðət wʌns ɡreɪst ˈbrɪ.tɪʃ ˈɔː.tʃədz ə ˈvaɪt.l̩ ɪn meɪn.ˈteɪn.ɪŋ ə kə.ˈnek.ʃn̩ tu ˈaʊə pɑːst ənd prə.ˈməʊt.ɪŋ ə sə.ˈsteɪ.nəb.l̩ ənd daɪ.ˈvɜːs ˌæ.ɡrɪˈk.ʌlt.ʃrəl ˈfjuː.tʃə / baɪ sə.ˈpɔːt.ɪŋ ðiːz ɪ.ˈnɪ.ʃə.tɪvz / wi kən ɪn.ˈʃʊə ðət ˈfjuː.tʃə ˌdʒen.ə.ˈreɪʃ.n̩z kən.ˈtɪ.njuː tu ɪn.ˈdʒɔɪ ðə juː.ˈniːk ˈfleɪ.vəz / ˈteks.tʃəz / ənd ˈkʌ.lɪ.nə.ri trə.ˈdɪʃ.n̩z ðət ər ə ˈte.stə.mənt tə ˈbrɪ.tənz ˈæp.l̩ ˈhe.rɪ.tɪdʒ /
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