Britlish
Lesson Study Record

Demonstration Study Record

This page gives you a good idea of how the lessons in the Britlish Library are laid out. You can see that students can keep notes about each lesson, can record vocabulary for each lesson, and can mark as complete and rate each lesson for their future reference. This system makes certain that it is easy to keep track of your study progress as you work with the many lessons in the Britlish Library. I hope you will try a free 14-day Britlish Library pass to really see what a unique and valuable resource the Britlish Library really is.

Empty Pronoun

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Normally, pronouns are used after we have mentioned something. Pronouns stand in for the nouns, compound nouns, and proper nouns in a sentence, so that we don’t have to repeat ourselves. Generally, pronouns need something to refer back to. The pronoun, it, however, is a different kettle of fish. The pronoun, it, can be used for what is sometimes called the empty pronoun, or the dummy subject, because it does not to stand for anything in particular. Other terms for this type of use of the pronoun it are the expletive pronoun or the pleonastic pronoun, if you want to get technical. The reason we have this empty pronoun is that all English sentences must have a subject and a verb.

Ellipsis or near ellipsis is a feature of English pronunciation that we see with many pronouns at the beginning of sentences, and particularly when we use the empty pronoun. Ellipsis is when the empty pronoun disappears completely, while near-ellipsis is when we are left with a little of the empty pronoun. Of course, we don’t have to leave out any of the sounds and can say the sentence in its entirety. We will still be understood, but it may not sound quite as natural as a native speaker. By learning about ellipsis and near ellipsis, you will also be priming your ear to better hear what native English speakers are saying. We will do some exercises to see if you can hear and identify this speech feature when listening to normal, fast-spoken English speech.

Instructions - How to use this lesson.

Activation Pack Map

Most of the Activation Packs will look similar to this.

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Content Menu (1)

Click on the content menu to see all of the pages in the lesson, including the Activators which give you exercises to help you learn, remember, and use the language.

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Resources Menu (2)

The resources menu is where you can find downloadable resources like PDF files, web links, and more.

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Markers Menu (3)

Markers let you annotate or add highlights to any page in the Activation Pack.

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Teacher Menu (4)

The Teacher menu gives you some biographical information about me, your English teacher.

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Bottom Navigation Bar

At the bottom, you will see a play/pause button (5), a slider (6), a rewind button (7), a mute button (8), a maximise screen button (9), and previous and next buttons (10).

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Study Record

Under the Activation Pack, as well as a dictionary, Guest, you will also find the lesson-specific study record menus.

You can also add personal notes and vocabulary from the lesson and search them later.

Some lessons have crossword puzzles and you will find these in the menu below the Activation Pack.

When you complete a lesson, you can mark it complete. Completed lessons will show up in green in your study record. You can also rate a lesson depending on how useful you found it. The 5-star rating system lets you revisit the most useful lessons.

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Your Study Record for Empty Pronoun.

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